FARC-EP vai FARC

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FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Apr 2012 15:24

Kolumbijas revolucionārie bruņotie spēki - Tautas armija (spāņu: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Kolumbija - Ejército del Pueblo; FARC-EP vai FARC) ir marksisma-ļeņinisma revolucionāro partizānu organizācija, kas atrodas Kolumbijā, un iesaistīta notiekošajā Kolumbijas bruņotajā konfliktā. Tā ir zemnieku armija, kas kalpo Bolivāra iedvesmotajām idejām par agrārās, anti-imperiālisma platformas īstenošanu. Tā apgalvo, ka pārstāv lauku nabadzīgo cīņu pret Kolumbijas bagāto klasi, un iebilst pret ASV ietekmi Kolumbijā (piem. plāns "Kolumbija"), neo-imperiālismu, starptautisko korporāciju dabas resursu monopolizāciju, paramilitāro un valdības vardarbību. To finansiālais pamats, galvenokārt, ir izpirkumi par nolaupītajiem cilvēkiem, zelta ieguves rūpniecība, un nelegālo narkotiku apstrādāšana un izplatīšana.
Aplēses par FARC lielumu atšķiras. Kolumbijas militārie spēki apgalvo, ka to lielums bija 18'000 2010.gadā, no kuriem puse bija partizāni. FARC pati apgalvoja, 2007.gadā ka tā ir 18'000 liela. Saskaņā ar Kolumbijas prezidenta Huana Manuēla Santosa (Juan Manuel Santos) runas 2011, FARC var būt mazāk nekā 8000 dalībnieku.

No 1999. līdz 2008. FARC, kopā ar ELN partizānu grupu, kontrolēja ap no 30 līdz 40% no Kolumbijas teritorijas. Lielākā FARC partizānu koncentrācija, tiek uzskatīts, ka atrodas visā dienvidaustrumu Kolumbijas daļā - 500 000 kvadrātkilometru džungļos un Andu kalnu līdzenumos.

FARC tika izveidota kā militārais spārns Kolumbijas komunistu partijai pēc tam, kad valdības militārie spēki uzbruka lauku komunistu anklāviem, pēc La Violencia notikumiem (1964). FARC ir vardarbīgs nevalstisks dalībieks, ko dēvē par teroristu grupu, Kolumbijas, ASV, Kanādas, Čīles un Jaunzēlandes, kā arī no Eiropas savienības valstu valdības. Venecuēlas, Brazīlijas, Argentīnas, Ekvadoras un Nikaragvas valdības nedēvē FARC par "teroristisku organizācija". Venecuēlas prezidents Hugo Čavezs atsacījās tos dēvēt par "teroristiem" (2008.gada janvāris), uzskatot viņus par "reālu armijas", un aicināja Kolumbijas un citu valdības atzīt partizānus kā "bruņotu spēku", apgalvojot, ka tas uzliktu tiem atteikties nolaupīšanām un terorisma, un ievērot Ženēvas konvencijas.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolution ... f_Colombia

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Apr 2012 02:34

Colombia's FARC rebels pick hardline new leader
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/ ... 3E20111115
Colombian leftist commanders (L to R) Manuel Marulanda, known as ''sureshot'', Alfonso Cano, peace negociator Raul Reyes, Timochenko, Ivan Marquez and Jorge Briceno, all members of the general secretariat of the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC), watch a parade of armed fighters in the camp at Villa Colombia near San Vicente del Caguan, April 29. REUTERS
By Luis Jaime Acosta and Jack Kimball
BOGOTA | Tue Nov 15, 2011 4:32pm EST
(Reuters) - Colombia's FARC guerrillas named Timoleon Jimenez, a hard-liner known as Timochenko, as their new leader after the Andean country's armed forces killed his predecessor, a rebel statement said on Tuesday
In one of the largest strikes against the guerrillas, Colombian forces killed FARC leader Alfonso Cano on November 4. But the insurgents vowed to fight on, dampening hopes that his death might bring the nation closer to peace.
Timochenko, who received military and political training in Cuba and Russia, is considered more uncompromising than other rival commanders of the FARC, or the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, according to Colombian intelligence services.
"We want to inform you that Comrade Timoleon Jimenez, with a unanimous vote by his companions in the secretariat, was designated on November 5 as the new commander of the FARC," said the statement, published on a news website called the Bolivarian Press Agency that often carries rebel messages.
Timochenko, 52, has been a member of the seven-member ruling secretariat since the early 1990s and a fighter in the FARC since the 1970s. He is believed to operate in the Norte de Santander province on the border with Venezuela.
The FARC's leadership choice could heat up the conflict on the northeastern provinces, where Timochenko and another secretariat member are believed to operate, if thousands of troops that were looking for Cano were moved to those areas.
Any worsening of the conflict along the borders coupled with possible uncomfortable questions of regional nations' role in the conflict arising from seized files of Cano could put more pressure on President Juan Manuel Santos, who has greatly improved ties with Venezuela and Ecuador since 2010.
Timochenko, who like his predecessor Cano sports a beard and glasses, is in charge of the Bloque Magdalena Medio, which has about 800 combatants, intelligence services say.
The rebels must still name a new member of the secretariat to replace the vacancy left by Cano's death.
The FARC once had as many as 17,000 combatants who moved almost freely across great swathes of jungle and mountains. But it has been battered by more than a decade of U.S.-funded attacks that have depleted and demoralized its fighting force.

Experts said that the FARC's strategy would not likely change under Timochenko.

"I don't think this is going to mean a big change for the FARC ... There's much more continuity than change. The big challenge is maintaining internal cohesion," independent security analyst Alfredo Rangel said.
"Timochenko is not one of the most charismatic figures in the FARC. He's been an obscure bureaucrat, in charge of intelligence and counter-intelligence matters, and less at the forefront of political issues."

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 23 Apr 2012 17:07

ASV ieroču tirgonim Butam piespriež 25 gadus cietumā
TVNET.lv
ASV federālā tiesa Ņujorkā ceturtdien piesprieda 25 gadu cietumsodu Krievijas pilsonim Viktoram Butam, kuru iepriekš atzina par vainīgu apsūdzībās saistībā ar nelegālu ieroču tirdzniecību.
ASV federālā tiesa Ņujorkā ceturtdien piesprieda 25 gadu cietumsodu Krievijas pilsonim Viktoram Butam, kuru iepriekš atzina par vainīgu apsūdzībās saistībā ar nelegālu ieroču tirdzniecību.
Prokuratūra bija pieprasījusi piespriest Butam mūža ieslodzījumu, taču tiesnese Šira Šeindlina sacīja, ka «divdesmit pieci gadi ir pietiekami», ņemot vērā, ka apsūdzības ir balstītas uz to, ka Buts vedis sarunas par ieroču pārdošanu nevis ar reāliem teroristiskas organizācijas pārstāvjiem, bet ar ASV specdienestu aģentiem.
Tiesnese arī piesprieda Butam 15 miljonu dolāru (astoņu miljonu latu) naudassodu - tā ir summa, par kādu Buts piedāvāja pārdot ieročus ASV slepenajiem aģentiem.
45 gadus veco Butu tiesa ir atzinusi par vainīgu apsūdzībās, ka viņš plānojis pārdot raķetes teroristiem un nogalināt ASV pilsoņus. Minimālais sods par šīm apsūdzībām ir 25 gadi cietumā, bet maksimālais - mūža ieslodzījums.
Buts tika tiesāts saistībā ar ieroču pārdošanu Kolumbijas marksistisko partizānu grupējumam «Kolumbijas Revolucionārie bruņotie spēki» (FARC). Saskaņā ar ASV veikto izmeklēšanu Buts pārdevis šim grupējumam ieročus vairāku miljonu latu vērtībā, kuri var būt izmantoti ASV pilsoņu nogalināšanai.
ASV prokuratūra uzskata, ka Buts ar ieroču tirdzniecību nodarbojies jau no 90.gadiem un, izmantojot kravas lidmašīnas, sūtījis ieročus uz Āfriku, Dienvidameriku un Tuvajiem Austrumiem.
Izskanējušas versijas, ka viņš piegādājis ieročus karadarbībai Afganistānā, Angolā, Kongo Demokrātiskajā Republikā, Libērijā, Ruandā, Sjerraleonē un Sudānā, turklāt dažkārt abām karojošajām pusēm. Buts visas apsūdzības noliedz un uzstājīgi paliek pie versijas, ka nodarbojies tikai ar aviokravu transportu.
Buta advokāti bija pieprasījuši viņu attaisnot.
Saskaņā ar ASV publiskoto informāciju Buts ASV izlūkdienestu aģentiem, kuri izlikušies par FARC dalībniekiem, solījis piegādāt 700 līdz 800 «zeme-gaiss» tipa raķetes, 5000 Kalašņikova automātus, vairākus miljonus munīcijas aptveru, sprāgstvielas, kājnieku mīnas un bezpilotu lidaparātus.
Buts tika aizturēts kādā Bangkokas viesnīcā ASV un Taizemes drošībnieku kopīgā operācijā 2008.gada martā pēc ierašanās no Maskavas. 2010.gada novembrī Taizeme izdeva Butu ASV.
Krievijas ārlietu ministrs Sergejs Lavrovs ir nosaucis ASV Butam izvirzītās kriminālapsūdzības un Taizemes lēmumu viņu izdot Savienotajām Valstīm par «netaisnības piemēru» un politiski motivētu rīcību.
Aptuveni fakti par Buta darbību bijuši 2005.gadā uzņemtās filmas ar Nikolasa Keidža piedalīšanos «Kara kungs» («Lord of Wars») pamatā.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Sep 2012 09:06

Latest update: 28/08/2012
Colombian government in talks with FARC rebels
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said Monday that his administration has opened “exploratory conversations” with Colombia's FARC rebel group, in a bid to end a bloody five decades of conflict with the leftist revolutionaries.
REUTERS – Colombia’s government is seeking peace with the country’s biggest rebel group, the FARC, and could consider also holding talks with a second guerrilla movement to end five decades of war, President Juan Manuel Santos said on Monday.
In a televised address from the presidential palace, Santos said his government would learn from the mistakes of so many previous leaders who tried but failed to clinch a lasting ceasefire with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
“Since the first day of my government I have completed my constitutional obligation to find peace. With that aim, we have had exploratory conversations with the FARC to seek an end to the conflict,” he said, confirming weeks of swirling rumors that his government had started behind-the-scenes discussions.
He added that the military would continue its operations “throughout every centimeter” of Colombia while talks continued.
Santos did not provide further details, but said he would reveal more about the talks in the coming days.
A successful peace agreement with the rebels would secure him a place in history as the leader who ended a conflict that has killed tens of thousands over the years and left the Andean nation’s reputation in tatters.
In response to a Reuters interview published on Monday with the head of the nation’s second biggest rebel group, Santos said the National Liberation Army, known as the ELN, could also be involved in the peace talks.
“Today the ELN has expressed, via an international news agency, its interest in participating in conversations to put an end to the violence,” the president said in his brief speech.
“I tell that group that, within the same framework, they too can be part of the effort to end the conflict.”
A Colombian intelligence source told Reuters earlier that as part of the deal to hold talks, Santos had agreed FARC rebels would not be extradited to any other country to stand trial.
Details are still being worked out, the source said, but the negotiations could take place in Cuba or Norway. U.S. President Barack Obama is aware of the process and is in agreement, the source said.
Santos, who is at the mid-point of his four-year term, has said he would consider peace talks with the FARC only if he was certain the drug-funded group would negotiate in good faith.

Santos focused

The last peace effort ended in shambles.
In 1988 former President Andres Pastrana ceded the FARC a safe haven the size of Switzerland to promote talks. The rebels took advantage of the breathing space to train fighters, build more than 25 airstrips to fly drug shipments, and set up prison camps to hold its hostages.
News of the latest peace effort was met with guarded hope among Colombians.
“Honestly, full peace is probably never possible. Of course it would be good ... but really, an end to the war? I think an end to the world will happen first,” said Maria Eugenia Martinez as she sold cigarettes in an upscale Bogota neighborhood.
Santos discussed the peace process during talks in Havana with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and Cuba’s former leader Fidel Castro before the Summit of the Americas in Cartagena, Colombia earlier this year, the intelligence source said.
Colombia’s congress passed a constitutional reform in June that set the legal basis for eventual peace with the rebels. The reform prohibits guerrilla leaders accused of crimes against humanity from holding political office.
In a recent interview with Reuters, Santos said he would only start a peace process “with a high probability of success. I would not start a process to fail.”

Violence continues

News of the talks had already angered Santos’ predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, who has slammed Santos for wanting “peace at any cost” and allowing the rebels to rearm and regroup.
Santos, a former defense minister, won election in 2010 by a landslide, pledging to cut unemployment and continue Uribe’s hard line security policies, while fostering economic growth and reducing poverty.
While much of the world struggles to shore up fiscal accounts, Colombia’s financial management, buoyant economy and security advances have helped shield its economy from too much fallout from the international financial crisis.
Once an outcast for most foreign companies, the Andean nation has become a magnet for investment as a U.S.-backed offensive against the FARC sharply reduced the number of kidnappings and murders. The nation was rewarded last year with an investment grade from three major credit-rating agencies.
But the 61-year-old Santos has seen his own ratings slide in recent weeks amid criticism that he had allowed rebels to chip away at the security gains of the last decade.
Attacks on oil industry installations have jumped 40 percent over the last year, while violent clashes between troops and indigenous protesters led to withering criticism of Santos for not protecting the soldiers.
Six people were killed, including two children, in a FARC bomb attack in central Meta province on Sunday.
The FARC, which calls itself “the people’s army” defending peasant rights, has battled about a dozen governments since appearing in 1964, when its founder, Manuel Marulanda, and 48 rebels fought off thousands of troops in jungle hide-outs.
The group has faced its biggest set-backs in recent years as U.S.-trained special forces use sophisticated technology and spy networks to track the leaders.
A string of defeats began in 2008 with a cross-border military raid into Ecuador that killed its second in command. Marulanda died of a heart attack weeks later and was replaced by Alfonso Cano, who was later killed too.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Sep 2012 09:11

Latest update: 05/09/2012
Colombia confirms October peace talks with FARC
The Colombian government and the FARC, the country’s largest rebel group, have agreed to peace talks in Norway in October, Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos said Tuesday, in an effort to end the Western Hemisphere's longest running conflict.
http://www.france24.com/en/20120904-col ... ay-october
AP - President Juan Manuel Santos announced on Tuesday a preliminary accord with Colombia’s main leftist rebel group to launch talks aimed at ending a stubborn, century-old conflict that has claimed tens of thousands of lives.
In a nationally televised speech, Santos called the agreement a roadmap to "a definitive peace" and said it was reached after six months of direct talks in Cuba, with that country’s government and Norway serving as brokers following a year and a half of preparatory work.
The agreement does not include a cease-fire. Nor does it grant a safe haven to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, as occurred during the last peace talks, which lasted three years and ended disastrously in 2002.
The talks to end the Western Hemisphere’s longest-running conflict will begin in the first half of October in Oslo, Norway, and continue in Havana, Santos said.
FARC leaders held a news conference later Tuesday in Havana.
Santos said the talks, the fourth with the peasant-based FARC in three decades, would be different from past talks because they have "a realistic agenda" that includes the FARC agreeing to eventually lay down its arms and become integrated into the country’s political life.
Other Colombian rebel movements, most notably M-19 in 1990, have done that successfully.
Santos, a social progressive who dealt the FARC major blows as defense minister from 2006-2009, said key topics would be agrarian reform, returning stolen land, reducing poverty and compensating victims.
Santos said one major point on the agenda was drug trafficking, highly sensitive because it is believed to be the FARC’s main funding source.
The FARC, classified as an international terror organization by the U.S. State Department, is only one of various illegal armed groups in Colombia funded by the drug trade.
They include remnants of far-right militias known as paramilitaries that were created to fight the FARC in the 1980s and became private armies for drug traffickers and wealth landholders. The paramilitaries made peace with Santos’ predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, who opposes peace talks with the FARC.
Santos said the talks would not be open-ended.
“They will be measured in months, not in years,” he said. He did not, however, set a deadline. Nor did he say when the accord was signed.
Santos is mindful of Colombia’s strongly conservative bent, and was firm about what he called the government’s insistence on not ceding an inch of territory.
“If there are not advances, we simply won’t continue,” he said, adding that “military operations will continue with the same or stepped up intensity.”
Santos also did not mention a major potential obstacle to peace: amnesty for rebel leaders. A law his government sponsored that was passed in June sets a framework for amnesties and pardons for rebel and military leaders.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Sep 2012 09:21

Latest update: 07/09/2012
Colombian president rejects FARC cease-fire proposal
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos on Thursday rejected a proposal by FARC rebels to observe a bilateral ceasefire during peace talks due to begin next month. He added that military operations would continue until a final agreement was reached.
http://www.france24.com/en/20120907-col ... uel-santos
REUTERS - Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos rejected a proposal on Thursday by leftist FARC rebels for a bilateral ceasefire during talks next month aimed at bringing an end to half a century of war.
The call for both sides to put down their weapons while talks are under way in Norway came earlier from leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia at a news conference in Havana.
The proposal and its rejection could complicate the process from the start as Santos is adamant that Colombian military operations would continue across “every centimeter” of the Andean nation.
“I have asked that military operations be intensified, that there will be no ceasefire of any kind,” Santos said during an address at a military base in Tolemaida, close to the capital.
“We won’t cede anything at all until we reach the final agreement,” he added. “That should be very clear.”
A decade ago, during the last attempt at ending Latin America’s longest-running insurgency, the rebels used a demilitarized area the size of Switzerland to beef up their military operations and establish a multibillion-dollar drug-trafficking network.
“One of the differences with past peace processes is that we won’t give up one centimeter of national territory or cease operations, and those principals have to be maintained until the end,” Santos said.
At its news conference, the FARC named two negotiators who will sit with government representatives in Oslo and later in Cuba to try to end a war that has left tens of thousands dead since it began in 1964.
“We are going to propose a ceasefire immediately when we sit at the table,” senior FARC commander Mauricio Jaramillo said.
“Better said, we are going to fight for it. We are going to discuss it there at the table, but it is one of the first points,” he said, announcing that talks would start on Oct. 8 in Norway.
Santos said there was no firm start date yet and that talks could continue for as long as nine months.
The former defense minister, whose approval rating has fallen in recent months, surprised Colombians this week when he said there would be no ceasefire during peace talks with the FARC.
Santos had always demanded that the rebels put down their weapons, free all hostages and stop attacks on military, civilian and economic targets before any negotiations could be considered.

War-battered

Some analysts have said Santos’ sliding poll numbers put pressure on him to allow the talks to go ahead without a unilateral ceasefire from the FARC.
Face-to-face discussions while both sides are killing each other in Colombia’s mountains would be difficult to sustain and could weaken the government’s hand, they said.
“The FARC will take advantage of its status as negotiator to appear legitimate to the people, while at the same time using weapons to increase terrorist acts to boost its strength at the negotiating table to break the will of the government,” said Vicente Torrijos, a Colombian political analyst.
The two sides have set a agenda for talks that includes the rights of victims, land ownership in rural areas and cocaine production and smuggling.
The FARC was founded in 1964 as a rural insurgency. Its founder, Manuel Marulanda, initially received support from the Soviet Union, Cuba and Colombia’s Communist Party.
Now an estimated 8,000 strong, the group is funded mainly by the cocaine trade and extortion and has resorted to recruiting children as support for its Marxist cause has waned. It is considered a terrorist organization by Washington and the European Union.
Although it has lost ground in recent years, its attacks affect Colombia’s fast-expanding mining and oil sectors.
Violence has battered Colombia for decades, not just involving the FARC but also drug cartels and right-wing paramilitary groups.

Arrest warrants suspended

Jaramillo said the FARC would send Ivan Marquez and Jose Santrich, both high-ranking leaders, to the talks and would reveal more participants soon.
“We have always wanted peace,” Jaramillo said.
Colombian Attorney General Eduardo Montealegre said on Tuesday that once the government accepted the FARC negotiators, all arrest warrants would be suspended.
The rebels said they were pursuing peace because the country needed it and sensed that the government felt the same.
“We think it is very important to develop and preserve this process because it responds to a need, a strong desire of the Colombian people,” FARC member Marco Leon said in Havana.
“Colombia and the world have changed. The principles of FARC go on unbowed,” said Ricardo Tellez, a top commander known by his war alias of Rodrigo Granda.
Santos unveiled his negotiating team on Wednesday, which includes a former vice president, a former police chief, a former military head, an industrialist, the president’s chief security adviser and a former environment minister.
Even as it prepares for the meetings, the FARC blew up two trucks at a coal mine on Tuesday ,and Danilo Garcia, a top rebel commander and right-hand man to FARC leader Rodrigo Londono, was killed in a bombing attack by government troops.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 16 Okt 2012 15:48

Latest update: 15/10/2012
Colombians eye peace talks with hope and scepticism
By Joseph BAMAT (text)
(Source: AFP)
Representatives of the Colombian government and FARC guerrillas are set to begin their first peace talks in a decade on Monday in Oslo. While Colombians largely back the negotiations, past failures have left many sceptical.
Peace talks to end the longest-running armed conflict in Latin America are set to start on Monday as representatives of Colombia’s government and the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) meet in Norway. Previous attempts to end the war, which has been raging for 48 years, have ended in failure, but observers say there are reasons to be optimistic.
Weather delays government delegation
The Colombian government delegation set to launch a formal peace process with leftist rebels in Norway delayed its departure Sunday due to poor weather, a source close to the negotiating team said.
According to Gimena Sanchez, a senior associate with the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), a human rights advocacy group, the two sides have changed considerably since the last attempt at peace, and both camps appear committed to the current effort.
“President Santos has shown himself to be pragmatic, proposing armed groups a way out of war,” Sanchez explained. “The FARC are fragmented and weakened. They pledged to stop kidnapping civilians and agreed to hold these talks outside the country – a point they have never been open to before.”
The first stage of the talks, which were delayed for a week as judicial authorities scrambled to lift arrest warrants for rebel negotiators, is being hosted in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. During a second stage talks will relocate to Cuba, where secret preliminary meetings were held earlier this year.

A meeting of 'heavyweights'

President Juan Manuel Santos has said the talks would be organised around five points: reforms to help Colombia’s rural poor, the possibility for rebels to exercise political rights when they lay down arms, ending the FARC’s ties to the cocaine trade, re-integrating guerrilla soldiers back into society, and providing assistance to families of victims who want information about atrocities committed during the conflict.
Daniel Pécaut, a Colombia expert at France’s Ecole des hautes etudes en sciences sociales (EHESS), said previous talks had never been as carefully prepared or had such a precise agenda. He also suggested that the flexibility demonstrated so far was an encouraging sign of both parties’ “seriousness”.
Analysts say each group’s choice of negotiators is further indication of a genuine commitment. The government is sending a prominent business leader in addition to a former head of the army and a retired police chief.
“These heavyweights represent groups that have been the most resistant to peace; their influence could make it easier for them to go back and convince those sectors to agree to compromises,” Sanchez said.
While the FARC’s top commanders have been killed by military strikes over the past four years, Sanchez noted that the rebels' negotiating team also seemed to include some of the group’s most prominent surviving figures.

Generational divide

The talks have been widely praised outside Colombia, with the European Union, the United Nations and the White House welcoming the initiative. US President Barack Obama has said the diplomatic push could help “all Colombians to live with greater peace, security, and prosperity.”
However, WOLA’s Sanchez said reactions have been more guarded inside Colombia, where the public has witnessed four previous peace attempts “crash and burn”.
According to Alberto Martinez, Professor of Communications at Universidad del Norte in the city of Barranquilla, there is a “collective exhaustion” over the decades-long war and most of the population is ready for peace.
Indeed, recent opinion polls show that as many as 77 percent of Colombians agree the government should engage the rebels in talks. However, the country is much more divided about their outcome. Between 45 percent and 54 percent of people surveyed think the talks will be successful, while around 41 percen think they will fail.
Martinez said there was a sharp divide between older and younger generations. “Older Colombians are conscious of the ideological origins of the FARC, they have seen their evolution and especially seen much more violence. In general they think the path of negotiation is the right one.
“But young people tend to see the FARC as common criminals and don’t see why the government should negotiate with ‘delinquents’,” the scholar said.

Will agreement mean peace?

In addition to scepticism back home, negotiating teams will likely face other hurdles on the path to peace, starting with the absence of a ceasefire.
Observers hope the two sides will agree to a bilateral truce early in the talks, mindful of the fact that an escalation of violence during previous negotiations has spoiled things before.
They also warn of external groups that are opposed to a peace agreement and could try to torpedo the process.
According to EHESS’s Pécaut, those include members of the Colombian government close to former president Alvaro Uribe who prefer a “military solution” to end the insurgency, as well as rebels who could decide to disavow the FARCs leadership.
“Even if a political agreement is reached, and that would be quite an achievement, it may not mean an end to violence,” Pécaut said. “It’s uncertain to what extent the FARC can remain a cohesive group.”
“The biggest threat overall is the ongoing drug trade,” added Sanchez, pointing to both rebels and paramilitary groups who deal directly in lucrative drug trafficking and would see little motivation to demobilize.
http://www.france24.com/en/20121012-col ... rebel-cuba

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Dec 2012 20:08

3 December 2012 Last updated at 05:55 GMT
Colombia peace talks: Government sets deadline for Farc

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has set a deadline of November 2013 for an agreement to be reached in peace talks with the left-wing Farc rebels.
"This has to be a process of months, rather than years," he said.
Mr Santos said the government would offer all necessary guarantees so the Farc could abandon its weapons and join the political process.
He said any attempts to delay disarming were unacceptable. The Farc has not responded to Mr Santos' deadline.

'Prisoners of war'

The president's statement came as the rebel group acknowledged that it was holding what it called "prisoners of war", contradicting its previous denials.
Sandra Ramirez, one of the group's representatives at the peace talks currently taking place in Havana, told Cuba's Juventud Rebelde newspaper that they were holding soldiers or police captured during fighting.
She said they could be freed in return for the release of rebels held by the government.
Mrs Ramirez said the Colombian government had around 700 rebel prisoners. But she declined to say how many "prisoners of war" were held by the Farc.
The Colombian authorities have previously rejected any prisoner swaps.
In February, the rebels announced that they would stop all political abductions and kidnappings for ransom. But victims' groups say the kidnappings have continued and not all hostages have been released.
Last week, the Farc freed four Chinese hostages who had been held captive for 17 months. They are thought to have been the only foreign hostages held by the group.

'Good atmosphere'

On Thursday, the Colombian government and Farc rebels concluded the first stage of talks in Cuba aimed at ending five decades of conflict. The talks are due to resume on Wednesday.
Chief government negotiator Humberto de la Calle said the peace talks were advancing as expected.
Ivan Marquez, who leads the rebel delegation. said there had been a good atmosphere, but stressed that both sides should not hurry to reach a deal.
He said there should be no room for mistakes and no timetables should be set.
The negotiations focused initially on the issue of land reform in Colombia, as it was a major reason for the uprising that brought about the establishment of the Farc in the early 1960s.
Four other points will be discussed: the end of armed conflict; guarantees for the exercise of political opposition and citizen participation; drug trafficking and the rights of victims of the conflict.
All previous attempts to reach a deal have failed.
The government ended the last peace talks in 2002, accusing the rebels of trying to regroup in a demilitarised zone.
According to government estimates, 600,000 people have died since the conflict began in Colombia, with millions more displaced.
The Farc numbered 16,000 in 2001 but are now thought to have some 8,000 fighters.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20576772

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Dec 2012 20:10

3 December 2012 Last updated at 11:01 GMT
Colombia forces 'bomb Farc rebels, 20 killed'

At least 20 Farc rebels have been killed in Colombia after the military launched bombing strikes on one of their camps, the army says.
Saturday's raid is said to be the biggest military operation against Farc since peace talks began in October.
The camps were in Narino province near the Ecuadorian border, commander Gen Leonardo Barrero told AFP news agency.
The strike comes as President Juan Manuel Santos said the rebels had less than a year to abandon their weapons.
In November, the Farc announced a ceasefire set to last until 20 January.
Mr Santos, however, has rejected calls for a government-led truce until a final agreement has been reached.
Speaking on Sunday, he said his administration would offer all necessary guarantees so the Farc could disarm and join the political process as a legal party.
"This has to be a process of months, rather than years," the president said.
Mr Santos said any attempts to delay disarming were unacceptable. The Farc has not responded to Mr Santos's deadline.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20578895


Analysis
Arturo Wallace BBC Mundo

The rebels had recently announced a unilateral Christmas truce, but the Colombian government has not stopped its military actions.
President Juan Manuel Santos has always said sustained military pressure against the rebels is key to a successful peace process - and the weekend's attack provided Farc with a stark reminder of this.
Traditionally, the end of the year in Colombia sees a surge in military operations, both from Farc and the military.
But on 19 November, the leftist rebels announced a two-month unilateral ceasefire "to strengthen the climate of understanding".
Saturday's raid, however, proves the Colombian army will not ease military pressure on the insurgents.
And with President Santos's popularity at an all-time low, and the majority of Colombians claiming to be pessimistic about the prospects of the peace talks, more shows of strength from the government can be expected.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 14 Feb 2013 10:40

14 February 2013
7 Colombian soldiers killed fighting FARC rebels: army
AFP - At least seven soldiers were killed and five wounded Wednesday in clashes with suspected FARC guerrillas in southern Colombia, amid peace talks between the government and the rebels, the military said.

A statement said the operation had sought to "protect our civilian population" in San Antonio de Getucha, which has seen battles with the terrorist group.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 14 Feb 2013 11:10

Dutchwoman swaps Farc AK-47 for peace talks with Colombia government
Tanja Nijmeijer, a graduate whose 'social justice' quest led to a fighting role with the Farc rebels, is negotiating with Havana
Jorge Enrique Botero in Havana, Sibylla Brodzinsky
The Guardian, Wednesday 2 January 2013 16.42 GMT
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/ja ... s-colombia?
As a young girl in the placid Dutch countryside, Tanja Nijmeijer dreamed of a life of chastity, poverty and obedience as a nun. Instead, she took up an AK-47 in faraway Colombia, joined the country's largest and most violent guerrilla group, and has spent the past decade dodging air raids, planting explosives and enduring days-long marches through jungles and mountains.
Nijmeijer – who in the ranks of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (the Farc) goes by the nom de guerre Alexandra Nariño – is part of the rebel delegation engaged in peace talks in Havana with Colombian government negotiators to try to end a 50-year conflict that has left tens of thousands dead and one tenth of the population internally displaced.
In an interview for the Guardian at the mansion she shares with 29 others from the Farc delegation in El Laguito, an exclusive suburb of Havana, Nijmeijer tries to play down the sudden celebrity she has become, given the oddity of her origins. "I'm not a star," she says. "I'm just another guerrilla fighter."
But her background has little in common with the roughly 9,000 other fighters in the Farc, most of whom were recruited from the poor peasant families of Colombia's remote countryside.
Nijmeijer was born in the Dutch town of Denekamp, near the German border, into a comfortable middle-class life. "When I was little I dreamed of becoming a nun, because I was raised in a very Catholic family," she says. "Then when I started school I began having serious doubts about religion and the existence of God. In university, I became a diehard atheist."
In 1998 looking for internship opportunities and adventure, she answered an ad in her college newspaper to teach English at a private school in the Colombian city of Pereira.
Before coming to Colombia, Nijmeijer says she "didn't know anything" about the Farc or the conflict that was at its height, with the guerrillas staging mass kidnappings throughout the country, overrunning military bases and sabotaging the infrastructure, while rival rightwing paramilitary groups massacred civilians.
She remembers that when she went to the Colombian consulate for her visa an official asked her: "Miss, are you aware that there is a war going on in our country?"
On her arrival in Colombia she grew aware of the country's vast social inequalities – by some counts 52% of arable land is owned by 1.5% of landowners – and about the Farc, whose purported aim is to fight for social justice.
After her internship she went home to the Netherlands but by 2002 she had returned to the country. By that time a previous round of peace talks between the government and the Farc had broken off and Álvaro Uribe, who was then president, was pushing a new hardline security policy.
Nijmeijer became involved in the Farc's network of urban guerrillas in Bogotá, helping to bomb police stations and the city's bus network, crimes for which she has been indicted in Colombian courts. Then she was called to join the ranks with uniform and rifle in hand. Her training, involving marches lasting days through thick jungle, nearly broke her, but her tenacity and revolutionary zeal impressed the commanders.
More than a decade later Nijmeijer only has a hint of an accent in Spanish and uses the colloquialisms and turns of phrases of Colombian peasants. She is unapologetic about her life choice.
"I am part of an armed movement and arms kill. No one denies that," she says. "The hardest thing for me in the guerrillas is the death of my comrades."
Nijmeijer was present when the Farc's top military commander, Jorge Briceño, alias Mono Jojoy, was killed in an air raid on his camp.
Recalling the moment in 2010, she says: "I heard the thump of the helicopter and then there were so many bombs falling that I said: 'No! This is where it ends'. After the first bombs we heard Mono cry out … 'Get the people out of here!' Those were his last words."
She says another difficult part of her guerrilla life has been separation from her family. Contact has been sporadic. In 2005 her mother was allowed to meet her in a rebel camp after traversing the country by helicopter calling out her daughter's name by loudspeaker. Nijmeijer will not say whether her family have seen her in Havana.
Though certainly the most media savvy, Nijmeijer says she is not the only foreigner in the Farc and that she has met Ecuadorans, Venezuelans, Brazilians and other Europeans.
"My case is not unique. This is a historic moment when capitalism, multinationals, and the economy are globalising, and struggles are also globalising, too."
Nijmeijer's presence in the Farc was first detected when the military found her journal at an abandoned camp after a bombing raid in 2007. The battered exercise book revealed the Dutchwoman's revolutionary passions, home sickness – and her apparent doubts about joining.
If the Farc managed to reach power would "the girlfriends of the comrades [be seen]) in Ferrari Testarossas with breast implants and eating caviar?" she wrote.
In 2003 Nijmeijer was chosen to act as translator for three American defence department contractors who were taken hostage after their plane was shot down over Farc territory.
She remembers one of the men, Marc Gonsalves, said to her: "If the government of my country wants it can come in here and wipe you all out in six months." To which she says she responded saying that if they were attacked they would all die, including the Americans.
Gonsalves, who was rescued by the Colombian army in 2008, later told the Miami Herald that he felt very threatened by the Dutchwoman, whom he dubbed a "real deal terrorist".
Nijmeijer says that despite the tough talk she felt a certain compassion for the hostages. "If for me, who was there of my own will, the life [in the jungle] was difficult, how hard it must have been for them who had not chosen that life."
In addition to the criminal charges she faces in Colombia, she has been indicted in the US for participating in the Americans' kidnapping.
The Farc is accused of indiscriminate killing of civilians, forced recruitment and kidnapping. She is unapologetic, saying the guerrillas are not the victimisers. "We have been the victims of this war," she says, despite the tens of thousands of civilians affected by Farc actions.
Notwithstanding the hardships of rebel life, after a month in the Cuban capital Nijmeijer says she "misses the jungle and the comrades".
What would her role be in a post-conflict Colombia? "I am a Farc guerrilla and will continue to be one," she says. "If we achieve peace with social justice I would stay in the Farc and continue to do what is needed."

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 27 Mai 2013 12:22

27/05/2013
Colombia, FARC rebels reach deal on land reform


Colombia and the Marxist-led FARC rebels have reached agreement on the critical issue of agrarian reform, the two sides said on Sunday in a major step forward for the peace process aimed at ending their long war.
They said the accord called for the economic and social development of rural areas and providing land to the people living there, which addresses one of the main issues that led the FARC, or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, to form in 1964 as a communist agrarian reform movement and launch its insurgency.
Lead government negotiator Humberto de la Calle reminded that the agreement would take effect only if an overall peace accord is achieved, which has been the guiding principal of the talks since the beginning.
“Nothing is agreed until everything is agreed,” he said.
De la Calle said it would represent “a historic change, a rebirth of the Colombian countryside.”
The government promised to build up services and infrastructure in rural areas as it tries to end the country’s long history of social and economic inequality.
“What we have agreed to in this accord will be the beginning of radical transformations in the rural and agrarian reality of Colombia, with equity and democracy,” said the joint statement, which was read at the end of the ninth round of the talks, which began Nov. 19 in Havana.
The rebels warned that “certain points” in the agrarian reform accord “necessarily will have to be retaken before the completion of the final agreement,” but said a path was being opened for “the people to act, to mobilize themselves in defense of their rights.”
It was not disclosed how much land would be given out. De la Calle said there would be “an ambitious program of restitution and adjudication of lands” to the rural poor, but that private landowners would not lose their property.
“Legal landowners have nothing to fear,” he said.
The agreement drew praise at the United Nations in New York, where a spokesperson for U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called it “a significant achievement and important step forward.”
Ban “wishes both delegations further success in their efforts to reach agreement on the remaining issues and to put an end to Colombia’s long conflict,” the spokesperson said.
Adam Isacson, senior associate for security policy at the Washington Office on Latin America think tank, told Reuters the agrarian reform agreement was a “genuine big deal” for Colombia’s peace hopes.
“To have arrived at an agreement on land and rural development with a peasant-based guerrilla group for the first time in nearly 50 years is a step whose importance is hard to overestimate,” he said.
“It greatly increases the probability - now to well over 50 percent - that a final accord will be reached as a result of these talks,” Isacson said.
Many potential obstacles remain, starting with the next agenda item - the delicate subject of political participation for the FARC.

Facing justice

More than 100,000 people have died and millions have been displaced in the war that is now Latin America’s longest-running insurgency and goes on at a low intensity even as the peace discussions continue.
Many Colombians feel the FARC must face justice for war casualties, the use of kidnappings to extort money and involvement in the illicit drug trade, the latter a charge the group has denied.
But criminal charges and jail time could exclude many FARC leaders from taking part in politics.
The rebels have said they are willing to “review” any “error” committed during the war but have ruled out prosecution by a state they say they legitimately rose up against for persecuting and neglecting its own people.
Other remaining agenda points include the logistics of ending the conflict, the drug trade, compensation for victims and the implementation of the final accord.
President Juan Manuel Santos, who recently hinted that he plans to run for re-election in 2014, has said he wants the talks ended this year.
Santos initiated the peace talks last year on a bet the FARC had been so weakened by the government’s 10-year, U.S.-backed offensive against the group that its leaders were ready to negotiate an end to the fighting.
Three previous peace attempts - the last ending in 2002 - had failed.
The rebels have been pushed into remote corners of the country but still are able to attack oil and mining operations that are fueling Colombia’s economic growth.
The war has diverted billions of dollars from the economy as industry is unable to function at full capacity and the government is forced to spend heavily on troops and weapons.
Even if peace with the FARC is achieved, the government still must deal with a smaller rebel force, the ELN or National Liberation Army, and criminal gangs running drug-trafficking operations.
The ELN, with an estimated 3,000 fighters, has expressed interest in seeking a peace accord similar to the one being pursued with the FARC, but Santos has said it must first release captives who include a Canadian citizen.
Norway and Cuba are serving as guarantors for the Colombia-FARC talks, with Chile and Venezuela as observers.
The discussions are set to resume in Havana on June 11, a government spokesman said.
(REUTERS)

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 04 Jūl 2013 12:26

01/07/2013 / COLOMBIA
FARC stronghold shaken by Colombian farmers revolt

Since the very beginning of negotiations between FARC guerrilleros and the Colombian government mid-June, farmers from the north-eastern Catatumbo region have been protesting. Thousands of “campesinos”, as they are called, have demonstrated to denounce their low quality of life in this FARC-held region.
The protests have been going on for over two weeks but tension rose on June 22 when anti-riot police shot live bullets at protesters, killing two people and injuring eight.
The Catatumbo region is near the border with Venezuela and is a stronghold of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The FARC, which espouses a communist ideology, is the main guerrilla force in the conflict against the Colombian government. The very concept of rural development was one of the main reasons behind the FARC’s creation in 1964.

“We are caught between a rock and a hard place: abandoning our land or illegal farming”
José de Carmen Abril is a member of the Peasant Farmer Association of Catatumbo.
The Peasant Farmer Association of Catatumbo presented a preliminary rural development plan in 2009. We have long been waiting for the implementation of a peasant farmer reserve area [an area benefiting from a rural development plan]. We have been requesting damages to compensate for the marginalisation of local farmers as well as for a new agricultural policy. We want the government to invest here and support farmers with subsidies and other assistance, rather than only trying to eradicate coca culture, which is widespread in our region.

Agricultural reform is actually one of the main discussion topics between the government and the FARC [on May 27, both parties came to an agreement, but some points still need to be negotiated]. However, even though we are directly affected by this issue, we have not at all been involved in the discussions. This is why, on June 11, we decided to go on strike and begin protests: we are calling for our own direct negotiations with the government.
Our protest was ignored at first. So we decided to block all the roads, to make sure our voices would be heard. At that point, the government chose to send its anti-riot squads and the army [the authorities have emphasized that the soldiers were not involved in the repression but were only patrolling the region].
The authorities are now refusing to hold discussions with us so long as we continue protesting, even though they are the ones who resorted to violence. They justify their decision by pretending that our movement has been infiltrated by the FARC and by accusing us of illegally cultivating coca. But for us, coca is a means of survival. The other crops we cultivate here are not subsidised by the government [Editor’s Note: In contrast, the FARC help coca farmers either by funding them directly or by providing seeds and fertilizer]. Moreover, the market value of these other crops is next to nothing. A kilo of cacao is sold for 1,800 pesos [0.72 Euros], while a kilo of coca paste goes for 2.3 million [915 Euros] pesos. The decision is pretty easy!
Mining and oil companies have also been emphasizing the existence of coca fields here in order to push us off our land and gain a foothold in the Catatumbo region, where there are significant mineral resources. We are caught between a rock and a hard place: abandoning our land or illegal farming. [Editor’s note: Our Observer did not wish to discuss the relations between the farmers and the FARC].
Sarra Grira (@SarraGrira.)
http://observers.france24.com/content/2 ... ers-revolt

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 22 Jūl 2013 10:27

22/07/2013
Colombia vows ‘brute force’ after twin rebel attacks

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos promised decisive retaliation on Sunday after FARC rebels killed 19 soldiers during a single day, in the biggest blow to the military since peace talks began in November.
Colombia’s president pledged to mount a strong military offensive against the country’s largest rebel movement after guerrillas killed 19 soldiers in two regions on Saturday, the heaviest casualties the armed forces have suffered since the government began peace talks late last year.
President Juan Manuel Santos said on Sunday the army will go after the rebels even though the government has been negotiating to end the half-century-long conflict with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) since last year.
“The instructions to our armed forces are not to stop shooting a single moment until we have reached the end of this conflict,” he told reporters, adding that “brute force” was the only solution to resolving the conflict.
Santos said Colombia has put its hand out to the FARC but that the country also had “the club, the military force, and we are going to use it.”
In the bloodier of the two separate attacks on Saturday, 15 soldiers were killed on a road linking two townships in Arauca province near the Venezuelan border, when FARC rebels fired explosives at troops protecting an oil pipeline under construction.
The FARC have a strong presence in the region and frequently attack the existing Cano Limon-Covenas oil pipeline owned by state-controlled oil company Ecopetrol, which passes through the area.
Another four soldiers were killed in clashes in Caqueta province in the south of the country in clashes with the FARC, the army said, adding that six guerrillas were also killed.
The attacks fell on Colombia's Independence Day.
‘Nation must work for peace’
Despite his pledge for a renewed show of force against the rebels, Santos urged peace as he paid tribute to the soldiers killed in the attack in the north.
“Our hearts are with the families of the heroes who sacrificed their lives in Arauca for the tranquility and security of their fellow citizens,” he said.
“All of Colombia must work for peace precisely so that incidents like those that occurred in the last 24 hours never happen again.
"Hopefully the guerrillas will come to their senses and we'll get to the end of this conflict as soon as possible," he added.
Bloody conflict
The FARC is the larger of two left-wing guerrilla movements in Colombia, with around 8,000 fighters – according to government figures – which is about half the number it had a decade ago. The much smaller ELN, or National Liberation Army, with which the FARC has recently strengthened ties, is believed to have around 1,500 guerrillas.
Peace talks between the rebels and the government opened last November in Cuba, the fourth attempt since the 1980s to end Latin America's longest-running armed conflict.
The half-century old guerrilla war has left 600,000 dead, more than 3.7 million displaced and 15,000 missing.
Talks are expected to resume in Havana on July 28.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 30 Aug 2013 00:30

Colombian court rejects challenge to Farc peace talks
Colombia's constitutional court upholds law that was prerequisite for negotiations to end country's five-decade civil war
A Colombian high court has upheld a law that allows peace talks with Marxist Farc rebels, rejecting a challenge based on the constitution that could have jeopardised efforts to end five decades of war.
The so-called legal framework for peace, which was approved in congress last year, modified the constitution and laid the foundation for the punishment of war crimes, reparations for victims and eventual peace with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
"The constitutional court considered that to reach stable and lasting peace, it is legitimate to adopt transitional justice measures like the mechanisms of selection and ranking" of crimes, the court said a statement read its top judge, Jorge Iván Palacios.
The court's decision came on the same evening that the country's president, Juan Manuel Santos, announced his government was ready to prepare for peace negotiations with the Farc's smaller counterpart, the National Liberation Army (ELN). The announcement had been expected after the ELN met Santos's pre-condition for talks by freeing a Canadian hostage it had held for seven months.
Though the legal framework for peace is a prerequisite for talks with the rebel movements, the reform has been harshly criticised by the opposition and human rights groups as an inadequate law that offers a "backdoor amnesty" for war crimes and may force victims to turn to the international courts for redress.
Gustavo Gallón, a lawyer with the Colombian Commission of Jurists, filed the legal challenge to three phrases in the text of the law that he said would allow lawmakers to choose which cases of genocide, crimes against humanity and other war crimes could be investigated and punished, leading to impunity for many.
Supporters of the reform argued that any change to its wording could weaken the scope of the entire law, throwing negotiations in Cuba between the rebels and the government into doubt.
The law became the foundation that drew the Farc, Latin America's biggest rebel group, into peace talks late in 2012. At least 200,000 people have been killed in Colombia's internal conflict.
Only members of the Farc and ELN stand to benefit from the law. It excludes criminals involved with drug cartels or former paramilitary groups.
Santos argued that it was unrealistic to attempt to investigate and punish all violations and war crimes during the conflict and called the court's ruling an important step towards ending decades of violence.
"For this process to be successful depends in large part on the justice system, and that we find the middle point between justice and peace that enables us to put a definitive end to this conflict which has been bleeding us for 50 years," he said.
Opposition leaders, however, argue that the law would allow rebels responsible for war crimes to benefit from soft prison sentences or walk away free. Santos's predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, said it violated international treaties because it would effectively pardon crimes against humanity.
The 8,000-member Farc has been weakened by a decade-long US-backed offensive, but a recent rash of attacks against oil installations and heavy combat losses against the rebel group have proven it is still a force to be reckoned with.
The two sides have already reached a partial agreement in Havana on rural development, the first issue on a five-point agenda. They are now negotiating the terms under which the rebels would be incorporated into the political system. They also will seek agreement on the drug trade, reparation of victims and ultimately an end to the conflict.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 04 Sep 2013 17:29

Public Declaration FARC-EP
The Havana dialogues are in a limbo because of the man who wants to go down in history as the president who made peace in Colombia.
We can still hear the echoes of the fair complaint of the government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela for Santos’ meeting with opponent Capriles in the Nariño Palace.
A lot of people believe that Joe Biden’s (vice-president of the US) visit to Bogotá was the source of Santos’ whim. And they associate it with a plan of Washington led by a Trojan horse called "Trans Pacific Partnership" to destabilize and derail popular governments such as Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and Uruguay, among others. What would drive Santos to announce that fanciful entry of Colombia to the NATO? Does he want to threaten Venezuela or Brazil?
We shouldn´t believe those who qualify the president’s behavior as naïve, because Santos is no fool. As a statesman, he needs to always measure the consequences of his decisions.
Juan Manuel Santos knew that his provocation against the legitimate government of Venezuela would explode like a bomb at the Havana dialogue table, because the issue Venezuela, companion and facilitator of the process, was very sensitive to the FARC, who see the Venezuelans as the main trustful element, and so as the key architects of the peace process.
All this is why Santos invitation to Capriles produces so much perplexity, precisely when the enthusiasm for peace stationed his flag on the Everest peak of reconciliation of all Colombians, because of the partial agreement on land issues, the core of the conflict. Santos’ attitude deflated optimism and the atmosphere conducive to peace that had been constructed so carefully in Havana. We could resume this whole matter saying that if not for Venezuela, the peace talks in the Cuban capital wouldn´t have taken place.
It is contradictory, abysmally contradictory, to pretend to go down in history as the president who made peace, while constantly attacking the peace process. The cold-blooded murder of Alfonso Cano, our commander- champion of reconciliation, has become an indelible stain. On the other hand, nobody understands why the government rejects the necessary bilateral truce proposed by the FARC since the start of the talks, if this is about stopping the war. During the last six months the minister of defense has acted like a sectarian sniper against the process, leaving the impression that there is a lack of consensus on the government’s side. And even the President himself doesn’t miss an opportunity to disqualify the participants with unfounded accusations or to threaten them with leaving the table.
There are other elements that are bugging the dialogue and the construction of an agreement like that annoying clap of the time-and-rhythms- whip in government’s hands. What do they hurry for, to precipitate a useless agreement, a shoddy peace? The progression of such a momentous agreement should not be interfered by electoral calculations or by legislative deadlines. Alongside the table sessions, someone from above designs media campaigns that spread, with some degree of perfidy, the idea of a guerrilla- victimizer on one hand, and the idea of a seraphic, innocent State, without any historical responsibility for violence and institutional terrorism, on the other hand
If the government really wanted peace, it wouldn’t be permanently marking the red lines of its narrow-mindedness, of its indisputable issues; it would act with greatness to facilitate understanding. Where is the inventiveness; where is the common sense? There’s a big inconsistency here. And there is also a great stinginess in defending despicable privileges with stubborn arguments. These attitudes contribute little to the construction of an atmosphere of peace. So what are the dialogues for?
We should understand that this is not a process of submission, it´s a process of peace-building. We are not talking about the insurgency’s incorporation to the current political system, the way it is now, without any transformations for the excluded majorities. What did we fight for then? The best epilogue of this war must be sealed with structural political, economic and social changes, to overcome poverty and inequality.
We must defend this peace process, this hope. Everyone, resolutely, the government, the FARC and the social and political organizations of the country should make a big effort to reach, after decades of military confrontation, the desired reconciliation with social justice. What do we care about Uribe and FEDEGAN if we are determined to achieve peace.

Secretariat of the Central High Command of the FARC-EP
Colombian jungle, June 7th , 2013

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 18 Mai 2014 04:06

Kolumbijas valdība un FARC panāk vienošanos par narkotiku tirdzniecību
LETA | 17. maijs 2014 23:04
Kolumbijas valdība un FARC panāk vienošanos par narkotiku tirdzniecību

Starp Kolumbijas valdību un komunistisko teroristu grupējumu Kolumbijas Revolucionārie bruņotie spēki (FARC) piektdien panākta vienošanās par nelikumīgo narkotiku tirdzniecības likvidēšanu, kas ir viens no svarīgākajiem jautājumiem Havanā notiekošajās miera sarunās.
Vienošanās vienā no sešiem miera sarunu pamatjautājumiem varētu nostiprināt prezidenta Huana Manuela Santosa pozīcijas pirms 25.maijā gaidāmajām vēlēšanām, kurās viņš pretendē uz vēl vienu pilnvaru termiņu.
Par to, kā tikt galā ar nelikumīgo narkotiku ražošanas un tirdzniecības rūpalu, ko komunisti līdz šim izmantoja savas teroristiskās darbības finansēšanai, abas puses veda sarunas pēdējos sešus mēnešus.
Iepriekš jau panāktas vienošanās vēl divos pamatjautājumos - par lauku apvidu attīstību un par bijušo kaujinieku integrēšanu politiskajā procesā.
Saskaņā ar vienošanos nelikumīgie narkotikas saturošo augu sējumi tiks iznīcināti, un gadījumā, ja zemnieki nevēlēsies to darīt, tas tiks panākts piespiedu kārtā.
Dags Nīlanders, kurš pārstāv Norvēģiju, kas uzstājas kā viens no miera sarunu garantiem, pavēstīja, ka Kolumbija ANO aizbildniecībā organizēs starptautisko konferenci par narkotiku kontrabandas apkarošanu.
"Tiks izstrādāta īpaša ar narkotikām saistītās korupcijas izskaušanas stratēģija," norādīja Nīlanders.
Pusēm vēl atlicis panākt vienošanos trīs pamatjautājumos - par FARC ieroču nolikšanu, par kompensācijām konflikta upuriem un par to, vai miera līgums nododams apstiprināšanai referendumā, uz ko uzstāj valdība.
Kā ziņots, iepriekš piektdien FARC paziņoja par vienpusēju uguns pārtraukšanu prezidenta vēlēšanu laikā.
Komunistiskais teroristu grupējums FARC jau pusgadsimtu cīnās pret Kolumbijas valdību.
Lai gan komunistiem faktiski nav nekāda atbalsta valsts urbanizēto apvidu iedzīvotāju vidū, FARC gadsimtu mijā izdevās paplašināt savu darbību lauku apvidos, izmantojot līdzekļus, kas tika iegūti ar narkotiku kontrabandu un cilvēku nolaupīšanu.
Tiek lēsts, ka FARC rindās šobrīd ir aptuveni 8000 bruņotu kaujinieku, kas ir uz pusi mazāk nekā 2001.gadā. Otra mazāka komunistu grupējuma - Nacionālā atbrīvošanas armija (ELN) - sastāvā varētu būt vēl nepilns pusotrs tūkstotis vīru. Pēdējā laikā abi teroristu grupējumi sākuši sarunas par apvienošanos.
Saskaņā ar valdības aplēsēm bruņotais konflikts, kas ilgst kopš pagājušā gadsimta sešdesmitajiem gadiem, prasījis vairāk nekā 600 000 dzīvību, lai gan saskaņā ar citiem novērtējumiem upuru skaits varētu būt 220 000.
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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 13 Jūn 2014 15:12

http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Page ... 1&LangID=E
Press briefing noes on Iraq, Mauritania, Egypt and Colombia

Spokesperson for the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights: Rupert Colville
Location: Geneva
Date: 13 June 2014

1) Iraq
UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay will later today issue a press release expressing extreme alarm at the dramatic deterioration of the situation in Iraq, amid reports of summary executions and extrajudicial killings, and the massive displacement of some half a million people, as forces allied with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS), overran a succession of major towns and cities earlier in the week.
The full extent of civilian casualties is not yet known, but reports suggest the number of people killed in recent days may run into the hundreds, and the number of wounded is said to be approaching 1,000. We have received reports of the summary execution of Iraq Army soldiers during the capture of Mosul, and of 17 civilians on one particular street in Mosul City on 11 June.
The High Commissioner will warn the parties to the conflict that they are obliged under international law to treat humanely members of armed forces who have laid down their arms or are hors de combat. She will also stress that murder of all kind, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture constitute war crimes. They must also take all feasible precautions, in areas under their effective control, to spare civilians from the effects of hostilities, and to respect, protect and meet the basic needs of civilian populations.
The following initial reports of human rights violations have been received by the Human Rights Division of the UN mission in Iraq, UNAMI, since the fall of Mosul:
The execution on 11 June of 17 civilians who work for the police that took place on Street 60, close to the airport in southern Mosul.
The execution of a court employee in the central Dawasa area of Mosul.
The execution of 12 people in Dawasa who were believed to have been serving with the Iraqi security forces (ISF) or were members of the police
The reported suicide of four women either after they were raped by members of ISIL, or after an attempt to force them into marriage with ISIL fighters.
The kidnapping of 16 Georgians who work for an Iraqi communications company in Mosul.
Reports that prisoners from Mosul’s prisons, who were then armed by ISIL, have been searching for those they believe to be responsible for their incarceration, including allegations that former prisoners went to Tikrit and killed seven former police officers who had worked in the prison.
Reports that ISIL checkpoints are specifically targeting former soldiers and police and others they perceives as being associated with the Government
We have also received reports concerning violations by the Iraqi army including allegations that, at a certain point on 9 June, soldiers were preventing civilians from leaving Mosul, and were turning them back at checkpoints on the outskirts of the city. We have also received disturbing reports that Iraqi security forces shelled civilian areas during the fighting on 6 and 8 June, resulting in a large number of civilian casualties, with allegations that up to 30 civilians may have been killed during the shelling.

2) Mauritania
We are concerned at death threats issued last week on social media against the prominent Mauritanian human rights activist Aminetou Mint El-Moctar. The threats are based on a fatwa issued by the leader of the movement known as ‘Friends of the prophet’ and declare that “whoever kills her or tears out her eyes will be rewarded by God.”
Ms. Mint El-Moctar is being targeted because she publicly demanded a fair trial procedure, in compliance with Mauritania’s international human rights obligations, for Mohamed Ould M’Kaitir, a young Mauritanian man who has been awaiting trial on charges of apostasy since January. Because of the nature of the charges, no lawyers have been willing to come forward to defend Mr. Ould M’Kaitir, effectively making it impossible at present for him to be given a fair trial. The horrendous threats against Ms. Mint El-Moctar, simply for pointing this out, starkly underline the importance of her public call that a fair trial must be ensured, and illustrate how difficult that will be.
We are concerned that Ms. Mint El-Moctar is not being provided with adequate protection by the authorities, despite having requested it. We remind the government of Mauritania of its obligation to protect its citizens from threats to their life and safety. The government should take all necessary steps to protect Ms. Mint El-Moctar given the very clear public threats to kill or mutilate her, and to investigate and possibly prosecute those making threats which amount to incitement to kill. In this context, we encourage the government to finally adopt the draft law on civil association, which would strengthen the protection of members of civil society in circumstances such as these.
We also remind Mauritania of its obligation to ensure an impartial and fair procedure with full respect for the presumption of innocence until proven guilty. In particular, during the current heightened political discussion in the run up to the presidential elections, the Government should ensure that religion is not used as a tool in the political debate.

3) Egypt
We are concerned about the decision by a Cairo criminal court on June 11 to sentence 25 Egyptian activists, including Ahmed Abdel Rahman, Wael Metwally and human rights defender and blogger Alaa Abd El Fattah in abstentia to 15 years’ imprisonment and to a fine and a further five years of police surveillance after their release. According to Egyptian NGOs, the 25 defendants have been accused of “breaching the protest law, illegal gathering, theft, and attacking officials on duty”.
This verdict constitutes the latest example in a chain of legal cases that have failed to meet international fair trial standards. Since the promulgation of the protest law in November 2013, dozens of protesters, including prominent activists, have been arrested and harshly sentenced in trials that generally fell short of key international fair trial standards.
We have already raised serious concerns about the law on protests, notably the vague definitions of restrictions and the excessive powers bestowed on commanders on the ground, leading to the possible use of lethal force without sufficient safeguards. We have warned that the law could lead to serious breaches of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and needs to urgently be brought in conformity with Egypt’s international human rights obligations.

4) Colombia: Joint Declaration of Principles on Victims
We welcome the announcement on 7 June of the Declaration of Principles for the Discussion of Point 5 on the Agenda: Victims by the Colombian Government and the FARC.
In line with human rights standards regarding transitional justice, this declaration of principles, which establishes how the negotiations on victims have to be conducted, states that the satisfaction of the rights of victims is a fundamental guarantee for achieving peace. It also states that the termination of the conflict will contribute greatly to the satisfaction of these rights, which will include the rights to truth, justice, and reparation as well as guarantees of non-repetition.
We particularly welcome the fact that the Declaration clearly states that victims’ rights are non-negotiable. The question is now about reaching an agreement on how these rights might best be satisfied in the context of an armed conflict. In the statement introducing the Declaration, the Government and the FARC have also requested the United Nations to organise consultations with victims, and announced that they will invite a victims’ delegation to the next round of negotiations, which is another praiseworthy development.
After the framework agreement on peace, and three specific agreements on agrarian development, political participation and drug trafficking and illicit crops, we believe this Declaration to be another important milestone on the path to peace. We encourage all parties to now come to a full binding agreement on victims, and hope that this will allow them to move closer towards bringing about a true and lasting peace in Colombia.

ENDS

For more information or media requests, please contact Rupert Colville (+41 22 917 9767 / rcolville@ohchr.org), Ravina Shamdasani (+41 22 917 9169 /rshamdasani@ohchr.org) or Cécile Pouilly (+41 22 917 9310 / cpouilly@ohchr.org)
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Check the Universal Human Rights Index: http://uhri.ohchr.org/en

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 29 Jūl 2014 16:25

Colombia’s Marxist ELN rebels to blame for explosions – police
Reuters, 29/07 15:46 CET

BOGOTA (Reuters) – Colombia’s Marxist ELN rebels detonated four small explosive devices around the capital, Bogota, early Tuesday morning, causing no injuries but damaging a highway overpass and other structures, police told local media.
Propaganda materials from the National Liberation Army (ELN), which regularly attacks oil facilities in Latin America’s fourth largest economy, were left at the sites of the explosions, police told local La FM radio.
The attacks came nine days before President Juan Manuel Santos is scheduled to be inaugurated for his second term. The 2002 inauguration of hard-line former President Alvaro Uribe was marred by rebel bombings that killed 21 people.
Santos was re-elected in June on promises to end Colombia’s 50-year conflict with leftist rebels through a peace deal.
The government has been in negotiations with the country’s largest guerrilla group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, for 20 months. It recently announced preliminary talks with the ELN.
The ELN, which is celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, took responsibility for an explosion in June near Bogota’s financial district that damaged a police station and injured three people.
(Reporting by Julia Symmes Cobb; Editing by Paul Simao)

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 27 Aug 2014 00:18

26 August 2014 - 23H05
FARC negotiator says disarming will be 'long process'

AFP
Colombian FARC-EP leftist guerrillas' delegation member, Andres Paris speaks during an interview on August 25, 2014 in HavanaColombian FARC-EP leftist guerrillas' delegation member, Andres Paris speaks during an interview on August 25, 2014 in Havana
Colombian FARC-EP leftist guerrillas' delegation member, Andres Paris speaks during an interview on August 25, 2014 in HavanaColombian FARC-EP leftist guerrillas' delegation member, Andres Paris speaks during an interview on August 25, 2014 in Havana
Colombia's FARC guerrillas will not give up their weapons at once, and need guarantees from the government to disarm, a negotiator said Tuesday as the peace process marked two years.
Cementing a ceasefire and disarming the leftist rebel group are among the thorniest topics remaining in the talks, the fourth and most promising attempt so far to end the 50-year-old conflict.

As a "subcommittee" of army officers and rebels got down to work on the issue, FARC negotiator Andres Paris warned there would be no instant solution.
"No one has suggested to the FARC, nor have we ever said to the government, that there would be a single moment when we would hand over our arms. I repeat, there will be no photo op of the FARC handing over its arms," Paris told AFP in an interview.
"We see disarmament as a long process."
A ceasefire and disarmament are the next item on the schedule for the peace process, which was launched on August 26, 2012 with the signing of an agreement that laid out a six-point agenda for negotiations.
The talks in Havana have so far produced deals on three points: land reform, political participation for the rebels and curbing the drug trafficking that has fueled the conflict.
The two sides are currently working on the issues of reparations for victims and disarmament, and are then due to tackle the question of how the final peace agreement will be ratified.
As the ceasefire subcommittee began work last week -- the first time active combatants from both sides came together around the same table at the talks -- both the rebels and government called it a sign of progress.
But Paris said ending hostilities would take guarantees and time.
"The ceasefire issue overlaps or interlocks with the issue of political guarantees," he said.
The government says that land reform "can't happen in a short time. They talk about 10 years. But when they talk about disarmament, they tell us, 'You could do that in a day.' That's absurd," he added.
"What's going to make our weapons disappear is turning our guerrilla force into a political party, not handing over our arms."

- 'Long home stretch' -

Since the FARC, or Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, was founded in the 1960s, the Colombian conflict has killed 220,000 people and caused more than five million to flee their homes.
Latin America's longest-running conflict, it grew out of decades of ideologically driven violence sparked by the 1948 assassination of liberal leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan.
Over the years, it has drawn in drug gangs and rightwing paramilitaries -- now officially disbanded -- as it has defied three previous peace bids.
The current negotiations opened in November 2012 after months of secret brokering by late Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez.
They have survived Chavez's death, revelations of spying on the talks by Colombian army intelligence, and a June presidential election widely viewed as a referendum on continuing the peace process.
Paris said that while there was still "a long road to walk," the talks had gone further than any previous peace attempt.
"We've advanced a lot. What the two delegations, the government and the guerrillas, have accomplished must be considered a truly golden achievement," he said.
Experts agreed there had been substantial progress but warned a definitive peace deal was far from certain.
"Never before has Colombia had a peace process as advanced as this one," said Ariel Avila of the Peace and Reconciliation Foundation in Bogota.
But he said a final agreement should be reached within the next six to seven months because after that, "the conversations would become so long the process would run out of steam and no one would believe in it."
Christian Voelkel of the International Crisis Group in Bogota said the remaining discussions were politically and socially sensitive.
"The process is in the home stretch, but it's a pretty long stretch," he said.
Date created : 2014-08-26

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 17 Nov 2014 12:26

http://www.euronews.com/2014/11/17/colo ... ace-talks/
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has suspended peace talks with Marxist FARC rebels after an army general was kidnapped.
General Ruben Dario Alzate was captured on a river near the city of Quibdo after getting off a boat.
Another military official and a lawyer were also abducted. One soldier managed to escape and inform authorities.
Santos’s government and FARC, or the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, have been working towards a bilateral cease-fire and disarming of the rebel group.
The military was handling the logistics of the militant disarmament.
Although nobody has claimed responsibility for the kidnappings, the president had warned FARC that it risked jeopardising the peace process after two soldiers were abducted last week.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 21 Nov 2014 09:46

FARC to release kidnapped Colombian general

Latest update : 2014-11-20
Colombian Marxist rebels agreed to release an army general who was captured by their comrades over the weekend, a move that may lead to a resumption of peace talks and defuse a crisis that threatened to extend five decades of war.
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) promised to free General Ruben Dario Alzate and four others captured in the past two weeks “as soon as possible” after reaching agreement on liberation terms with the government and guarantor nations Cuba and Norway.
President Juan Manuel Santos’s office responded immediately to the announcement, pledging to resume talks as soon as the hostages are free.
Alzate and two others were seized on Sunday by a FARC patrol as they left a boat in the poor and crime-ridden coastal region of Choco, prompting Santos to halt talks and throwing into doubt the two-year peace process under way in Cuba.
Just days earlier, the rebels had kidnapped two soldiers in eastern Arauca department.
“The government will give its total collaboration to guarantee the safe return of these people to their homes, which we hope will be in the shortest time possible,” Santos’s office said in a brief statement.
“Once they are all free, the government’s delegation will return to Havana.”
The FARC’s decision to release the captives may counter critics of the peace process who say the rebels are not serious about ending Latin America’s longest-running war, which has killed more than 200,000 people since it began in 1964.
The suspension of talks is the most serious setback to peace efforts after months of complicated discussions resulted in partial accords on three out of five agenda items.
The most recent peace process with the FARC collapsed in 2002 after the group used the breathing room of a demilitarized zone to build its fighting force, intensify its cocaine trafficking, and take hostages.
The final straw came when the FARC boarded a commercial plane and seized a senator, who was held captive for six years.

Harshly condemned

Santos has staked his presidency on bringing peace to Colombia, winning reelection this year against a right-wing opponent who threatened to ditch the talks and finish the FARC on the battlefield.
Even while security has improved massively over the last decade or so, peace talks have been taking place amid continued conflict. The rebels have renewed their call for a bilateral ceasefire that they say would improve the climate for negotiations.
Alzate is the highest-ranking military hostage ever taken by the FARC. A soldier and a civilian lawyer were captured along with him.
The FARC says it has stopped kidnapping for ransom but maintains military personnel are fair targets in the absence of a ceasefire. Alzate was considered a prisoner of war.
Certain undisclosed conditions must be met before the FARC will free the hostages, representatives from Cuba and Norway said in Havana.
Santos, after harshly condemning the FARC’s move in the last few days, set a more conciliatory tone during a speech in central Tolima on Wednesday, expressing hope that negotiations would resume.
“We need to abandon our weapons, the violence and end this armed conflict,” Santos said in the town of Ataco. “That is why I hope this impasse that has appeared in the Havana negotiations will be resolved soon.”
A massive rescue operation in Choco’s dense jungle terrain had been under way since Sunday, though there were fears a military effort to release Alzate could endanger the hostages. It is unclear whether orders still stand for FARC fighters to kill captives if a rescue is attempted.
The army offered a 100 million peso ($46,000) reward for information leading to the hostages’ rescue, military sources confirmed to Reuters on Wednesday.
The deal was announced in Havana by representatives of the Cuban and Norwegian governments, the guarantors of the peace talks: Rodolfo Benitez of host nation Cuba, and Rita Sandberg of Norway, which is acting as a facilitator.
(REUTERS)

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 19 Dec 2014 17:10

17 December 2014 Last updated at 21:50 GMT
Colombia Farc rebels declare indefinite unilateral truce
Colombia's Farc rebels have declared a unilateral ceasefire for an indefinite period, starting from Saturday.
The leftist rebels said the truce should become a formal armistice and would only end if they were attacked.
The announcement was made in Cuba, where the Farc has been holding peace talks with the Colombian government.
President Juan Manuel Santos has so far refused to suspend military action, saying the rebels would use a bilateral truce to rearm and regroup.
The peace talks in Cuba - which began in 2012 - are aimed at ending five decades of conflict that has killed an estimated 220,000 people.

'Renewed pressure'

"We have resolved to declare a unilateral ceasefire and end hostilities for an indefinite period of time, which should be transformed into an armistice," the Farc said in a statement.
Colombia's largest rebel group had previously called for a bilateral truce - but these moves have been rejected by the government in Bogota.
The peace talks were almost derailed in September after the Farc captured Gen Ruben Dario Alzate, prompting President Santos to suspend the negotiations.
The rebels released the general unharmed in November in an effort to revive the talks.
But following Wednesday's announcement by the Farc, President Santos may come under renewed pressure now to match the rebel offer, BBC regional analyst Leonardo Rocha says.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 04 Mar 2015 13:37

04 March 2015
Colombia's FARC rebels say no peace without immunity
HAVANA (AFP)
Colombia's leftist FARC guerrillas said Tuesday they will not sign any peace deal that allows their members to be tried and jailed.
"We insist that no deal is possible if it allows for a single day of prison for any guerrilla for having exercised the right to rebellion," the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) said in a statement read out by peace negotiator Ricardo Tellez.
"The FARC's members are not the ones who have enjoyed impunity throughout the Colombian conflict, but rather the oligarchy, the ruling class and the armed forces."
The Colombian government did not immediately respond to the rebels' statement.
Negotiators seeking to end the more than five-decade guerrilla war at talks in Havana are under growing international pressure to guarantee justice for crimes committed during the conflict.
Last week former UN secretary general Kofi Annan warned during a visit with both sides that the International Criminal Court could step in if the final peace deal did not bring justice for victims of the conflict.
The FARC admits its rebellion has affected civilians, but denies having committed crimes against humanity or violated international humanitarian law.
The peace talks in Havana, launched in November 2012, have produced partial deals on several issues but have yet to yield a definitive accord.
For the past seven months government and rebel negotiators have been discussing the delicate question of reparations for victims.
The conflict, which has drawn in several leftist rebel groups, right-wing paramilitaries and drug traffickers at various times, has killed 220,000 people and uprooted more than five million since it erupted in 1964.
2015 AFP

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 16 Apr 2015 11:48

Deadly rebel assault puts Colombia peace talks in jeopardy

Latest update : 2015-04-16
Eleven soldiers were killed and 19 injured in an attack by leftist guerrillas in Colombia, likely a major violation of the rebels’ pledge of a unilateral ceasefire that throws into doubt the future of peace talks.
The attack occurred around midnight Tuesday in the volatile southwest department of Cauca when an army unit on a routine patrol was surprised by guerrillas firing homemade explosives and grenades. A corporal and 10 others were killed during the ambush by a unit of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, the army’s third division said in a statement.
President Juan Manuel Santos condemned the attack, which he said was premeditated and not the result of any army incursion. He also lifted a month-old suspension of aerial bombings of FARC camps that had been trumpeted as a major milepost in the effort to end a half-century of fighting.
“Let it be very clear to the FARC: I’m not going let myself be pressured by vile acts like this,” Santos, flanked by his top military commanders, reading a prepared statement Wednesday en route to the combat zone in a rural outpost called La Esperanza, or Hope.
Colombians took to social media to denounce the attack and call on Santos to abandon the peace talks.
“Santos, don’t betray us anymore,” former President Alvaro Uribe, a fierce critic of the peace process, said on Twitter. “Don’t justify the murder of our soldiers with this talk of war you want to end.”
FARC negotiators in Cuba committed in December to a unilateral cease-fire to promote peace talks that have taken place on the communist-led island over the past two years, saying they would only fire weapons if attacked by the armed forces.
While adherence to the leadership’s command has been less than complete, the latest attack is the most serious breach to date and could destroy momentum toward a deal that has been building since the FARC last November shocked much of Colombia by releasing an army general that it had accidentally captured.
Last month, both sides agreed on a plan to begin jointly removing dangerous land mines that litter large parts of the countryside. Soon afterward, the government suspended all aerial bombings of guerrilla camps, an order that Santos extended this month.
Such good-faith gestures are seen as crucial in rallying support for a deal when some of the thorniest issues, such as whether rebel leaders will serve time in jail for atrocities and the fate of US drug indictments against the FARC’s leadership, remain to be negotiated. The two sides have already reached deals on land reform and political participation for former rebels.
The latest attack underscores one of the biggest obstacles in the way of a deal: the FARC leadership’s lack of control over the estimated 7,000 troops still on the battlefield. That’s especially true in turbulent, lawless areas like Cauca, where rebel commanders are known to be heavily involved in drug-trafficking.
From Havana, the guerrilla commander known by his nom de guerre Pastor Alape said he was unaware of the circumstances that led to Tuesday’s combat. But he blamed the incident on Santos’ refusal to declare a bilateral cease-fire, something the FARC has been urging since the start of negotiation.
“It’s urgent for the nation, something the entire country is waiting for,” he said.
Santos rejected such an option, repeating that he would only agree to a truce once a definitive deal to end the fighting was struck. But he also avoided any hint he would walk away from negotiations amid the latest crisis.
“Acts like this demonstrate once again the need to accelerate the peace talks,” he said.
(AP)

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