FARC-EP vai FARC

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FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Apr 2012 15:24

Kolumbijas revolucionārie bruņotie spēki - Tautas armija (spāņu: Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Kolumbija - Ejército del Pueblo; FARC-EP vai FARC) ir marksisma-ļeņinisma revolucionāro partizānu organizācija, kas atrodas Kolumbijā, un iesaistīta notiekošajā Kolumbijas bruņotajā konfliktā. Tā ir zemnieku armija, kas kalpo Bolivāra iedvesmotajām idejām par agrārās, anti-imperiālisma platformas īstenošanu. Tā apgalvo, ka pārstāv lauku nabadzīgo cīņu pret Kolumbijas bagāto klasi, un iebilst pret ASV ietekmi Kolumbijā (piem. plāns "Kolumbija"), neo-imperiālismu, starptautisko korporāciju dabas resursu monopolizāciju, paramilitāro un valdības vardarbību. To finansiālais pamats, galvenokārt, ir izpirkumi par nolaupītajiem cilvēkiem, zelta ieguves rūpniecība, un nelegālo narkotiku apstrādāšana un izplatīšana.
Aplēses par FARC lielumu atšķiras. Kolumbijas militārie spēki apgalvo, ka to lielums bija 18'000 2010.gadā, no kuriem puse bija partizāni. FARC pati apgalvoja, 2007.gadā ka tā ir 18'000 liela. Saskaņā ar Kolumbijas prezidenta Huana Manuēla Santosa (Juan Manuel Santos) runas 2011, FARC var būt mazāk nekā 8000 dalībnieku.

No 1999. līdz 2008. FARC, kopā ar ELN partizānu grupu, kontrolēja ap no 30 līdz 40% no Kolumbijas teritorijas. Lielākā FARC partizānu koncentrācija, tiek uzskatīts, ka atrodas visā dienvidaustrumu Kolumbijas daļā - 500 000 kvadrātkilometru džungļos un Andu kalnu līdzenumos.

FARC tika izveidota kā militārais spārns Kolumbijas komunistu partijai pēc tam, kad valdības militārie spēki uzbruka lauku komunistu anklāviem, pēc La Violencia notikumiem (1964). FARC ir vardarbīgs nevalstisks dalībieks, ko dēvē par teroristu grupu, Kolumbijas, ASV, Kanādas, Čīles un Jaunzēlandes, kā arī no Eiropas savienības valstu valdības. Venecuēlas, Brazīlijas, Argentīnas, Ekvadoras un Nikaragvas valdības nedēvē FARC par "teroristisku organizācija". Venecuēlas prezidents Hugo Čavezs atsacījās tos dēvēt par "teroristiem" (2008.gada janvāris), uzskatot viņus par "reālu armijas", un aicināja Kolumbijas un citu valdības atzīt partizānus kā "bruņotu spēku", apgalvojot, ka tas uzliktu tiem atteikties nolaupīšanām un terorisma, un ievērot Ženēvas konvencijas.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolution ... f_Colombia

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Apr 2012 02:27


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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Apr 2012 02:34

Colombia's FARC rebels pick hardline new leader
http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/11/ ... 3E20111115
Colombian leftist commanders (L to R) Manuel Marulanda, known as ''sureshot'', Alfonso Cano, peace negociator Raul Reyes, Timochenko, Ivan Marquez and Jorge Briceno, all members of the general secretariat of the Armed Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC), watch a parade of armed fighters in the camp at Villa Colombia near San Vicente del Caguan, April 29. REUTERS
By Luis Jaime Acosta and Jack Kimball
BOGOTA | Tue Nov 15, 2011 4:32pm EST
(Reuters) - Colombia's FARC guerrillas named Timoleon Jimenez, a hard-liner known as Timochenko, as their new leader after the Andean country's armed forces killed his predecessor, a rebel statement said on Tuesday
In one of the largest strikes against the guerrillas, Colombian forces killed FARC leader Alfonso Cano on November 4. But the insurgents vowed to fight on, dampening hopes that his death might bring the nation closer to peace.
Timochenko, who received military and political training in Cuba and Russia, is considered more uncompromising than other rival commanders of the FARC, or the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, according to Colombian intelligence services.
"We want to inform you that Comrade Timoleon Jimenez, with a unanimous vote by his companions in the secretariat, was designated on November 5 as the new commander of the FARC," said the statement, published on a news website called the Bolivarian Press Agency that often carries rebel messages.
Timochenko, 52, has been a member of the seven-member ruling secretariat since the early 1990s and a fighter in the FARC since the 1970s. He is believed to operate in the Norte de Santander province on the border with Venezuela.
The FARC's leadership choice could heat up the conflict on the northeastern provinces, where Timochenko and another secretariat member are believed to operate, if thousands of troops that were looking for Cano were moved to those areas.
Any worsening of the conflict along the borders coupled with possible uncomfortable questions of regional nations' role in the conflict arising from seized files of Cano could put more pressure on President Juan Manuel Santos, who has greatly improved ties with Venezuela and Ecuador since 2010.
Timochenko, who like his predecessor Cano sports a beard and glasses, is in charge of the Bloque Magdalena Medio, which has about 800 combatants, intelligence services say.
The rebels must still name a new member of the secretariat to replace the vacancy left by Cano's death.
The FARC once had as many as 17,000 combatants who moved almost freely across great swathes of jungle and mountains. But it has been battered by more than a decade of U.S.-funded attacks that have depleted and demoralized its fighting force.

Experts said that the FARC's strategy would not likely change under Timochenko.

"I don't think this is going to mean a big change for the FARC ... There's much more continuity than change. The big challenge is maintaining internal cohesion," independent security analyst Alfredo Rangel said.
"Timochenko is not one of the most charismatic figures in the FARC. He's been an obscure bureaucrat, in charge of intelligence and counter-intelligence matters, and less at the forefront of political issues."

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 23 Apr 2012 17:07

ASV ieroču tirgonim Butam piespriež 25 gadus cietumā
TVNET.lv
http://unity.lv/lv/news/597122/
ASV federālā tiesa Ņujorkā ceturtdien piesprieda 25 gadu cietumsodu Krievijas pilsonim Viktoram Butam, kuru iepriekš atzina par vainīgu apsūdzībās saistībā ar nelegālu ieroču tirdzniecību.
ASV federālā tiesa Ņujorkā ceturtdien piesprieda 25 gadu cietumsodu Krievijas pilsonim Viktoram Butam, kuru iepriekš atzina par vainīgu apsūdzībās saistībā ar nelegālu ieroču tirdzniecību.
Prokuratūra bija pieprasījusi piespriest Butam mūža ieslodzījumu, taču tiesnese Šira Šeindlina sacīja, ka «divdesmit pieci gadi ir pietiekami», ņemot vērā, ka apsūdzības ir balstītas uz to, ka Buts vedis sarunas par ieroču pārdošanu nevis ar reāliem teroristiskas organizācijas pārstāvjiem, bet ar ASV specdienestu aģentiem.
Tiesnese arī piesprieda Butam 15 miljonu dolāru (astoņu miljonu latu) naudassodu - tā ir summa, par kādu Buts piedāvāja pārdot ieročus ASV slepenajiem aģentiem.
45 gadus veco Butu tiesa ir atzinusi par vainīgu apsūdzībās, ka viņš plānojis pārdot raķetes teroristiem un nogalināt ASV pilsoņus. Minimālais sods par šīm apsūdzībām ir 25 gadi cietumā, bet maksimālais - mūža ieslodzījums.
Buts tika tiesāts saistībā ar ieroču pārdošanu Kolumbijas marksistisko partizānu grupējumam «Kolumbijas Revolucionārie bruņotie spēki» (FARC). Saskaņā ar ASV veikto izmeklēšanu Buts pārdevis šim grupējumam ieročus vairāku miljonu latu vērtībā, kuri var būt izmantoti ASV pilsoņu nogalināšanai.
ASV prokuratūra uzskata, ka Buts ar ieroču tirdzniecību nodarbojies jau no 90.gadiem un, izmantojot kravas lidmašīnas, sūtījis ieročus uz Āfriku, Dienvidameriku un Tuvajiem Austrumiem.
Izskanējušas versijas, ka viņš piegādājis ieročus karadarbībai Afganistānā, Angolā, Kongo Demokrātiskajā Republikā, Libērijā, Ruandā, Sjerraleonē un Sudānā, turklāt dažkārt abām karojošajām pusēm. Buts visas apsūdzības noliedz un uzstājīgi paliek pie versijas, ka nodarbojies tikai ar aviokravu transportu.
Buta advokāti bija pieprasījuši viņu attaisnot.
Saskaņā ar ASV publiskoto informāciju Buts ASV izlūkdienestu aģentiem, kuri izlikušies par FARC dalībniekiem, solījis piegādāt 700 līdz 800 «zeme-gaiss» tipa raķetes, 5000 Kalašņikova automātus, vairākus miljonus munīcijas aptveru, sprāgstvielas, kājnieku mīnas un bezpilotu lidaparātus.
Buts tika aizturēts kādā Bangkokas viesnīcā ASV un Taizemes drošībnieku kopīgā operācijā 2008.gada martā pēc ierašanās no Maskavas. 2010.gada novembrī Taizeme izdeva Butu ASV.
Krievijas ārlietu ministrs Sergejs Lavrovs ir nosaucis ASV Butam izvirzītās kriminālapsūdzības un Taizemes lēmumu viņu izdot Savienotajām Valstīm par «netaisnības piemēru» un politiski motivētu rīcību.
Aptuveni fakti par Buta darbību bijuši 2005.gadā uzņemtās filmas ar Nikolasa Keidža piedalīšanos «Kara kungs» («Lord of Wars») pamatā.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Sep 2012 09:06

Latest update: 28/08/2012
Colombian government in talks with FARC rebels
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said Monday that his administration has opened “exploratory conversations” with Colombia's FARC rebel group, in a bid to end a bloody five decades of conflict with the leftist revolutionaries.
http://www.france24.com/en/20120827-col ... ibe-santos
REUTERS – Colombia’s government is seeking peace with the country’s biggest rebel group, the FARC, and could consider also holding talks with a second guerrilla movement to end five decades of war, President Juan Manuel Santos said on Monday.
In a televised address from the presidential palace, Santos said his government would learn from the mistakes of so many previous leaders who tried but failed to clinch a lasting ceasefire with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
“Since the first day of my government I have completed my constitutional obligation to find peace. With that aim, we have had exploratory conversations with the FARC to seek an end to the conflict,” he said, confirming weeks of swirling rumors that his government had started behind-the-scenes discussions.
He added that the military would continue its operations “throughout every centimeter” of Colombia while talks continued.
Santos did not provide further details, but said he would reveal more about the talks in the coming days.
A successful peace agreement with the rebels would secure him a place in history as the leader who ended a conflict that has killed tens of thousands over the years and left the Andean nation’s reputation in tatters.
In response to a Reuters interview published on Monday with the head of the nation’s second biggest rebel group, Santos said the National Liberation Army, known as the ELN, could also be involved in the peace talks.
“Today the ELN has expressed, via an international news agency, its interest in participating in conversations to put an end to the violence,” the president said in his brief speech.
“I tell that group that, within the same framework, they too can be part of the effort to end the conflict.”
A Colombian intelligence source told Reuters earlier that as part of the deal to hold talks, Santos had agreed FARC rebels would not be extradited to any other country to stand trial.
Details are still being worked out, the source said, but the negotiations could take place in Cuba or Norway. U.S. President Barack Obama is aware of the process and is in agreement, the source said.
Santos, who is at the mid-point of his four-year term, has said he would consider peace talks with the FARC only if he was certain the drug-funded group would negotiate in good faith.

Santos focused

The last peace effort ended in shambles.
In 1988 former President Andres Pastrana ceded the FARC a safe haven the size of Switzerland to promote talks. The rebels took advantage of the breathing space to train fighters, build more than 25 airstrips to fly drug shipments, and set up prison camps to hold its hostages.
News of the latest peace effort was met with guarded hope among Colombians.
“Honestly, full peace is probably never possible. Of course it would be good ... but really, an end to the war? I think an end to the world will happen first,” said Maria Eugenia Martinez as she sold cigarettes in an upscale Bogota neighborhood.
Santos discussed the peace process during talks in Havana with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and Cuba’s former leader Fidel Castro before the Summit of the Americas in Cartagena, Colombia earlier this year, the intelligence source said.
Colombia’s congress passed a constitutional reform in June that set the legal basis for eventual peace with the rebels. The reform prohibits guerrilla leaders accused of crimes against humanity from holding political office.
In a recent interview with Reuters, Santos said he would only start a peace process “with a high probability of success. I would not start a process to fail.”

Violence continues

News of the talks had already angered Santos’ predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, who has slammed Santos for wanting “peace at any cost” and allowing the rebels to rearm and regroup.
Santos, a former defense minister, won election in 2010 by a landslide, pledging to cut unemployment and continue Uribe’s hard line security policies, while fostering economic growth and reducing poverty.
While much of the world struggles to shore up fiscal accounts, Colombia’s financial management, buoyant economy and security advances have helped shield its economy from too much fallout from the international financial crisis.
Once an outcast for most foreign companies, the Andean nation has become a magnet for investment as a U.S.-backed offensive against the FARC sharply reduced the number of kidnappings and murders. The nation was rewarded last year with an investment grade from three major credit-rating agencies.
But the 61-year-old Santos has seen his own ratings slide in recent weeks amid criticism that he had allowed rebels to chip away at the security gains of the last decade.
Attacks on oil industry installations have jumped 40 percent over the last year, while violent clashes between troops and indigenous protesters led to withering criticism of Santos for not protecting the soldiers.
Six people were killed, including two children, in a FARC bomb attack in central Meta province on Sunday.
The FARC, which calls itself “the people’s army” defending peasant rights, has battled about a dozen governments since appearing in 1964, when its founder, Manuel Marulanda, and 48 rebels fought off thousands of troops in jungle hide-outs.
The group has faced its biggest set-backs in recent years as U.S.-trained special forces use sophisticated technology and spy networks to track the leaders.
A string of defeats began in 2008 with a cross-border military raid into Ecuador that killed its second in command. Marulanda died of a heart attack weeks later and was replaced by Alfonso Cano, who was later killed too.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Sep 2012 09:11

Latest update: 05/09/2012
Colombia confirms October peace talks with FARC
The Colombian government and the FARC, the country’s largest rebel group, have agreed to peace talks in Norway in October, Colombia's President Juan Manuel Santos said Tuesday, in an effort to end the Western Hemisphere's longest running conflict.
http://www.france24.com/en/20120904-col ... ay-october
AP - President Juan Manuel Santos announced on Tuesday a preliminary accord with Colombia’s main leftist rebel group to launch talks aimed at ending a stubborn, century-old conflict that has claimed tens of thousands of lives.
In a nationally televised speech, Santos called the agreement a roadmap to "a definitive peace" and said it was reached after six months of direct talks in Cuba, with that country’s government and Norway serving as brokers following a year and a half of preparatory work.
The agreement does not include a cease-fire. Nor does it grant a safe haven to the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, as occurred during the last peace talks, which lasted three years and ended disastrously in 2002.
The talks to end the Western Hemisphere’s longest-running conflict will begin in the first half of October in Oslo, Norway, and continue in Havana, Santos said.
FARC leaders held a news conference later Tuesday in Havana.
Santos said the talks, the fourth with the peasant-based FARC in three decades, would be different from past talks because they have "a realistic agenda" that includes the FARC agreeing to eventually lay down its arms and become integrated into the country’s political life.
Other Colombian rebel movements, most notably M-19 in 1990, have done that successfully.
Santos, a social progressive who dealt the FARC major blows as defense minister from 2006-2009, said key topics would be agrarian reform, returning stolen land, reducing poverty and compensating victims.
Santos said one major point on the agenda was drug trafficking, highly sensitive because it is believed to be the FARC’s main funding source.
The FARC, classified as an international terror organization by the U.S. State Department, is only one of various illegal armed groups in Colombia funded by the drug trade.
They include remnants of far-right militias known as paramilitaries that were created to fight the FARC in the 1980s and became private armies for drug traffickers and wealth landholders. The paramilitaries made peace with Santos’ predecessor, Alvaro Uribe, who opposes peace talks with the FARC.
Santos said the talks would not be open-ended.
“They will be measured in months, not in years,” he said. He did not, however, set a deadline. Nor did he say when the accord was signed.
Santos is mindful of Colombia’s strongly conservative bent, and was firm about what he called the government’s insistence on not ceding an inch of territory.
“If there are not advances, we simply won’t continue,” he said, adding that “military operations will continue with the same or stepped up intensity.”
Santos also did not mention a major potential obstacle to peace: amnesty for rebel leaders. A law his government sponsored that was passed in June sets a framework for amnesties and pardons for rebel and military leaders.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Sep 2012 09:21

Latest update: 07/09/2012
Colombian president rejects FARC cease-fire proposal
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos on Thursday rejected a proposal by FARC rebels to observe a bilateral ceasefire during peace talks due to begin next month. He added that military operations would continue until a final agreement was reached.
http://www.france24.com/en/20120907-col ... uel-santos
REUTERS - Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos rejected a proposal on Thursday by leftist FARC rebels for a bilateral ceasefire during talks next month aimed at bringing an end to half a century of war.
The call for both sides to put down their weapons while talks are under way in Norway came earlier from leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia at a news conference in Havana.
The proposal and its rejection could complicate the process from the start as Santos is adamant that Colombian military operations would continue across “every centimeter” of the Andean nation.
“I have asked that military operations be intensified, that there will be no ceasefire of any kind,” Santos said during an address at a military base in Tolemaida, close to the capital.
“We won’t cede anything at all until we reach the final agreement,” he added. “That should be very clear.”
A decade ago, during the last attempt at ending Latin America’s longest-running insurgency, the rebels used a demilitarized area the size of Switzerland to beef up their military operations and establish a multibillion-dollar drug-trafficking network.
“One of the differences with past peace processes is that we won’t give up one centimeter of national territory or cease operations, and those principals have to be maintained until the end,” Santos said.
At its news conference, the FARC named two negotiators who will sit with government representatives in Oslo and later in Cuba to try to end a war that has left tens of thousands dead since it began in 1964.
“We are going to propose a ceasefire immediately when we sit at the table,” senior FARC commander Mauricio Jaramillo said.
“Better said, we are going to fight for it. We are going to discuss it there at the table, but it is one of the first points,” he said, announcing that talks would start on Oct. 8 in Norway.
Santos said there was no firm start date yet and that talks could continue for as long as nine months.
The former defense minister, whose approval rating has fallen in recent months, surprised Colombians this week when he said there would be no ceasefire during peace talks with the FARC.
Santos had always demanded that the rebels put down their weapons, free all hostages and stop attacks on military, civilian and economic targets before any negotiations could be considered.

War-battered

Some analysts have said Santos’ sliding poll numbers put pressure on him to allow the talks to go ahead without a unilateral ceasefire from the FARC.
Face-to-face discussions while both sides are killing each other in Colombia’s mountains would be difficult to sustain and could weaken the government’s hand, they said.
“The FARC will take advantage of its status as negotiator to appear legitimate to the people, while at the same time using weapons to increase terrorist acts to boost its strength at the negotiating table to break the will of the government,” said Vicente Torrijos, a Colombian political analyst.
The two sides have set a agenda for talks that includes the rights of victims, land ownership in rural areas and cocaine production and smuggling.
The FARC was founded in 1964 as a rural insurgency. Its founder, Manuel Marulanda, initially received support from the Soviet Union, Cuba and Colombia’s Communist Party.
Now an estimated 8,000 strong, the group is funded mainly by the cocaine trade and extortion and has resorted to recruiting children as support for its Marxist cause has waned. It is considered a terrorist organization by Washington and the European Union.
Although it has lost ground in recent years, its attacks affect Colombia’s fast-expanding mining and oil sectors.
Violence has battered Colombia for decades, not just involving the FARC but also drug cartels and right-wing paramilitary groups.

Arrest warrants suspended

Jaramillo said the FARC would send Ivan Marquez and Jose Santrich, both high-ranking leaders, to the talks and would reveal more participants soon.
“We have always wanted peace,” Jaramillo said.
Colombian Attorney General Eduardo Montealegre said on Tuesday that once the government accepted the FARC negotiators, all arrest warrants would be suspended.
The rebels said they were pursuing peace because the country needed it and sensed that the government felt the same.
“We think it is very important to develop and preserve this process because it responds to a need, a strong desire of the Colombian people,” FARC member Marco Leon said in Havana.
“Colombia and the world have changed. The principles of FARC go on unbowed,” said Ricardo Tellez, a top commander known by his war alias of Rodrigo Granda.
Santos unveiled his negotiating team on Wednesday, which includes a former vice president, a former police chief, a former military head, an industrialist, the president’s chief security adviser and a former environment minister.
Even as it prepares for the meetings, the FARC blew up two trucks at a coal mine on Tuesday ,and Danilo Garcia, a top rebel commander and right-hand man to FARC leader Rodrigo Londono, was killed in a bombing attack by government troops.

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 16 Okt 2012 15:48

Latest update: 15/10/2012
Colombians eye peace talks with hope and scepticism
By Joseph BAMAT (text)
(Source: AFP)
Representatives of the Colombian government and FARC guerrillas are set to begin their first peace talks in a decade on Monday in Oslo. While Colombians largely back the negotiations, past failures have left many sceptical.
Peace talks to end the longest-running armed conflict in Latin America are set to start on Monday as representatives of Colombia’s government and the leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) meet in Norway. Previous attempts to end the war, which has been raging for 48 years, have ended in failure, but observers say there are reasons to be optimistic.
Weather delays government delegation
The Colombian government delegation set to launch a formal peace process with leftist rebels in Norway delayed its departure Sunday due to poor weather, a source close to the negotiating team said.
According to Gimena Sanchez, a senior associate with the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), a human rights advocacy group, the two sides have changed considerably since the last attempt at peace, and both camps appear committed to the current effort.
“President Santos has shown himself to be pragmatic, proposing armed groups a way out of war,” Sanchez explained. “The FARC are fragmented and weakened. They pledged to stop kidnapping civilians and agreed to hold these talks outside the country – a point they have never been open to before.”
The first stage of the talks, which were delayed for a week as judicial authorities scrambled to lift arrest warrants for rebel negotiators, is being hosted in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. During a second stage talks will relocate to Cuba, where secret preliminary meetings were held earlier this year.

A meeting of 'heavyweights'

President Juan Manuel Santos has said the talks would be organised around five points: reforms to help Colombia’s rural poor, the possibility for rebels to exercise political rights when they lay down arms, ending the FARC’s ties to the cocaine trade, re-integrating guerrilla soldiers back into society, and providing assistance to families of victims who want information about atrocities committed during the conflict.
Daniel Pécaut, a Colombia expert at France’s Ecole des hautes etudes en sciences sociales (EHESS), said previous talks had never been as carefully prepared or had such a precise agenda. He also suggested that the flexibility demonstrated so far was an encouraging sign of both parties’ “seriousness”.
Analysts say each group’s choice of negotiators is further indication of a genuine commitment. The government is sending a prominent business leader in addition to a former head of the army and a retired police chief.
“These heavyweights represent groups that have been the most resistant to peace; their influence could make it easier for them to go back and convince those sectors to agree to compromises,” Sanchez said.
While the FARC’s top commanders have been killed by military strikes over the past four years, Sanchez noted that the rebels' negotiating team also seemed to include some of the group’s most prominent surviving figures.

Generational divide

The talks have been widely praised outside Colombia, with the European Union, the United Nations and the White House welcoming the initiative. US President Barack Obama has said the diplomatic push could help “all Colombians to live with greater peace, security, and prosperity.”
However, WOLA’s Sanchez said reactions have been more guarded inside Colombia, where the public has witnessed four previous peace attempts “crash and burn”.
According to Alberto Martinez, Professor of Communications at Universidad del Norte in the city of Barranquilla, there is a “collective exhaustion” over the decades-long war and most of the population is ready for peace.
Indeed, recent opinion polls show that as many as 77 percent of Colombians agree the government should engage the rebels in talks. However, the country is much more divided about their outcome. Between 45 percent and 54 percent of people surveyed think the talks will be successful, while around 41 percen think they will fail.
Martinez said there was a sharp divide between older and younger generations. “Older Colombians are conscious of the ideological origins of the FARC, they have seen their evolution and especially seen much more violence. In general they think the path of negotiation is the right one.
“But young people tend to see the FARC as common criminals and don’t see why the government should negotiate with ‘delinquents’,” the scholar said.

Will agreement mean peace?

In addition to scepticism back home, negotiating teams will likely face other hurdles on the path to peace, starting with the absence of a ceasefire.
Observers hope the two sides will agree to a bilateral truce early in the talks, mindful of the fact that an escalation of violence during previous negotiations has spoiled things before.
They also warn of external groups that are opposed to a peace agreement and could try to torpedo the process.
According to EHESS’s Pécaut, those include members of the Colombian government close to former president Alvaro Uribe who prefer a “military solution” to end the insurgency, as well as rebels who could decide to disavow the FARCs leadership.
“Even if a political agreement is reached, and that would be quite an achievement, it may not mean an end to violence,” Pécaut said. “It’s uncertain to what extent the FARC can remain a cohesive group.”
“The biggest threat overall is the ongoing drug trade,” added Sanchez, pointing to both rebels and paramilitary groups who deal directly in lucrative drug trafficking and would see little motivation to demobilize.
http://www.france24.com/en/20121012-col ... rebel-cuba

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Dec 2012 20:08

3 December 2012 Last updated at 05:55 GMT
Colombia peace talks: Government sets deadline for Farc

Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos has set a deadline of November 2013 for an agreement to be reached in peace talks with the left-wing Farc rebels.
"This has to be a process of months, rather than years," he said.
Mr Santos said the government would offer all necessary guarantees so the Farc could abandon its weapons and join the political process.
He said any attempts to delay disarming were unacceptable. The Farc has not responded to Mr Santos' deadline.

'Prisoners of war'

The president's statement came as the rebel group acknowledged that it was holding what it called "prisoners of war", contradicting its previous denials.
Sandra Ramirez, one of the group's representatives at the peace talks currently taking place in Havana, told Cuba's Juventud Rebelde newspaper that they were holding soldiers or police captured during fighting.
She said they could be freed in return for the release of rebels held by the government.
Mrs Ramirez said the Colombian government had around 700 rebel prisoners. But she declined to say how many "prisoners of war" were held by the Farc.
The Colombian authorities have previously rejected any prisoner swaps.
In February, the rebels announced that they would stop all political abductions and kidnappings for ransom. But victims' groups say the kidnappings have continued and not all hostages have been released.
Last week, the Farc freed four Chinese hostages who had been held captive for 17 months. They are thought to have been the only foreign hostages held by the group.

'Good atmosphere'

On Thursday, the Colombian government and Farc rebels concluded the first stage of talks in Cuba aimed at ending five decades of conflict. The talks are due to resume on Wednesday.
Chief government negotiator Humberto de la Calle said the peace talks were advancing as expected.
Ivan Marquez, who leads the rebel delegation. said there had been a good atmosphere, but stressed that both sides should not hurry to reach a deal.
He said there should be no room for mistakes and no timetables should be set.
The negotiations focused initially on the issue of land reform in Colombia, as it was a major reason for the uprising that brought about the establishment of the Farc in the early 1960s.
Four other points will be discussed: the end of armed conflict; guarantees for the exercise of political opposition and citizen participation; drug trafficking and the rights of victims of the conflict.
All previous attempts to reach a deal have failed.
The government ended the last peace talks in 2002, accusing the rebels of trying to regroup in a demilitarised zone.
According to government estimates, 600,000 people have died since the conflict began in Colombia, with millions more displaced.
The Farc numbered 16,000 in 2001 but are now thought to have some 8,000 fighters.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20576772

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Re: FARC-EP vai FARC

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Dec 2012 20:10

3 December 2012 Last updated at 11:01 GMT
Colombia forces 'bomb Farc rebels, 20 killed'

At least 20 Farc rebels have been killed in Colombia after the military launched bombing strikes on one of their camps, the army says.
Saturday's raid is said to be the biggest military operation against Farc since peace talks began in October.
The camps were in Narino province near the Ecuadorian border, commander Gen Leonardo Barrero told AFP news agency.
The strike comes as President Juan Manuel Santos said the rebels had less than a year to abandon their weapons.
In November, the Farc announced a ceasefire set to last until 20 January.
Mr Santos, however, has rejected calls for a government-led truce until a final agreement has been reached.
Speaking on Sunday, he said his administration would offer all necessary guarantees so the Farc could disarm and join the political process as a legal party.
"This has to be a process of months, rather than years," the president said.
Mr Santos said any attempts to delay disarming were unacceptable. The Farc has not responded to Mr Santos's deadline.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-latin-america-20578895


Analysis
Arturo Wallace BBC Mundo

The rebels had recently announced a unilateral Christmas truce, but the Colombian government has not stopped its military actions.
President Juan Manuel Santos has always said sustained military pressure against the rebels is key to a successful peace process - and the weekend's attack provided Farc with a stark reminder of this.
Traditionally, the end of the year in Colombia sees a surge in military operations, both from Farc and the military.
But on 19 November, the leftist rebels announced a two-month unilateral ceasefire "to strengthen the climate of understanding".
Saturday's raid, however, proves the Colombian army will not ease military pressure on the insurgents.
And with President Santos's popularity at an all-time low, and the majority of Colombians claiming to be pessimistic about the prospects of the peace talks, more shows of strength from the government can be expected.

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