Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

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Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 15 Apr 2012 17:58

Čučhē (korejiešu izruna: [tɕutɕ ʰ e]) ir Korejas Tautas Republikas (Ziemeļkorejas) dibinātāja Kima Irsena politiskās tēzes, kas apgalvo ka korejiešu vienkāršā tauta ir valsts attīstītāja pamats. No 1950 līdz 1970 Kims izstrādājis Čučhē ideju principu kopumu, ko valdībai izmantot savu lēmumu pamatošanai. Starp tiem ir neatkarības no lielvarām, spēcīgu militārā stāju, un paļaušanās Korejas valsts resursiem.
Pamatprincipi:
1. Ļaudīm jābūt patstāvīgiem (chajusong) domās un darbībā, ekonomiski pašpietiekamība un pašpaļāvīgiem aizsardzībā.
2. Politikai jāatspoguļo vienkāršas tautas gribu un iedvesmu un jāiesaista viņus pilnīgi revolūcijā un jauncelsmē.
3. Revolūcijas un jauncelsmes metodes jābūt atbilstošām situācijai valstī.
4. Vissvarīgākais revolūcijas un jauncelsmes darbs ir veidot cilvēkus kā komunistus un mobilizēt viņus jauncelsmes darbam.

1972, Čučhē aizstāj marksismu-ļeņinisma Ziemeļkorejas konstitūcijā, un kļūst par oficiālo valsts ideoloģiju, kas ir atbilde uz Ķīnas - Padomju Savienības šķelšanās. Tomēr Čučhē tika definēta kā marksisma-ļeņinisma radoša piemērošana.

Īpašs Ziemeļkorejā ir kalendārs, jo tas ir Čučhē kalendārs, kur laikā skaitīšana sākas no 1912 gadā 15 aprīļa, kas ir I.Kima dzimšanas diena.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juche

http://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kims_Irsens Kims Irsens
http://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kims_%C4%8Cenirs - Kims Čenirs (viņa dēls)
http://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kims_%C4%8Conins - Kims Čonins (Kima Irsena mazdēls)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Workers%27_Party_of_Korea - Workers' Party of Korea (angliski)

http www freewebs com/ruralmaoism/swords_of_the_korean_people.htm
Above all that which is valued is called Chajusong in Korean, which roughly means freedom (a true freedom unknown to Western connotations of the word), independence, or the creative will. All these are embodied in Chajusong and because of that there is no accurate English translation. It is best to call Chajusong simply the "true will" or the "soul" of the masses. Ideally a leadership of the state should embody Chajusong.

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 15 Apr 2012 18:16


youtu.be/22ufY3GpTak

youtu.be/DnZBgiZ3d8s
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DnZBgiZ3d8s

This is a mashup of adorable propaganda videos I found via URL hacking on the web site of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in November 2004. These videos were removed from the site (perhaps, I speculate, because of the translation errors in the narration, particularly involving Kim Jong-Il's title). You can see plenty of Soviet and Chinese cultural and politcal influence, overlaid on Korea's basically conservative, Confucian, authoritarian mind-set.

Transcript:

"... independent, self supporting and self reliant and national defense. The parading units start marching across the square amid resounding cheers. Columns from military schools of different levels are marching proudly, demonstrating the vitality of the party's line of making the entire army a cadre army and modernizing the entire army. They are marching with a feeling of great honor of being under Kim Jong-il's leadership. The seasoned leadership of Kim Jong-il, the brilliant son and general, who strengthens the revolutionary armed forces to be invincible, has made it possible to develop an army of competant military commanders who are equipped with a Juche-orientated military thoughts and methods of rule. Kim Jong-il has strengthened the people's army into the main force of the revolution that lays the socialist course and enter powerful force capable of defending the country at any cost.

"Foundation of the people's country by president Kim Il-song after winning back the sovereignty of the nation was an epoch making event in the nation's history of five thousand years. The people of this country who are leading happy lives in the embrace of the party and their leader are in an irrepressible excitement looking up at Kim Jong-il the guarding and symbol of the republic. The Korean people hold the republic dearer than their own lives because they must have not suffered again the lot of the real nation must not forget the bloody lesson. (sic)

"Korea, which has victoriously brightened the years of stern trials of revolution, will prosper for a long time in accordance with the will of President Kim Il-song and the Great Leader Kim Jong-Il. (Note: The narrator says "great leader," but this phrase refers to Kim Jong-Il's father, Kim Il-song; Kim Jong-Il is officially refered to as the "dear leader.") The Korean people sing the song, 'Without you, Kim Jong-il, there would be no Motherland.'

"A vibrant scene of hope filled in majestic and merry dancing is unfolded by the young people who are living under Kim Jong-il's leadership in the socialist motherland. the young people and students have begun their torchlight procession in the brilliantly illuminated square. As the torchlight procession, headed by the flag of the Kim Il-song Socialist Youth League, the flag inscribed with a novel image of the president, enters the square, an (un)quenchable yearning and unbounded reverence for the president are overflowing the place. The revolutionary fighters who have steadily advanced the road of grim revolution following president Kil Il-song and the Great Leader Kim Jong-il are marching forward with swollen hearts and the firm determination to follow steadily the road of revolution which is started which is started in Mount Paektu until the day of victory. The earnest wish for the president's immortality is growing stronger at this night of celebration."

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 15 Apr 2012 22:28

No, Juche is not “Maoism” or Ultra-“leftism”!

The Communist Party of China, under the leadership of Comrade Mao Zedong and Comrade Deng Xiaoping, for both “leftist” and rightist flaws, transformed China from a semi-feudal neo-colony to a vibrant socialist powerhouse which will soon surpass the United States. The DPRK under the leadership of the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung and China under the leadership of Chairman Mao Tse Tung, Comrade Lui Shao Qi and Comrade Deng Xiaoping victoriously fought together side-by-side against both Japanese and US imperialism, and from this experience built an indestructible friendship that will endure for centuries. Both countries developed socialism in the conditions of arduous struggle by dint of the armed national democratic front.

The Chinese developed many revolutionary theories which added luster to Marxism-Leninism and the struggle of the working class for socialism and national independence. We speak here of the theory of People’s War, a correct appraisal of the universality of armed struggle in developing socialism, of more properly developing a theory on the peasant question and national question, and of a multi-class national democratic front. Many of these ideas mirror successful advances in the Korean revolution, and are creatively applicable throughout the world, including within the United States.

However, that is where the similarities end and the important differences emerge. First, Juche is not Marxism-Leninism per se, though it does presuppose it, while “Maoism,” or more correctly “Mao Zedong Thought,” is the attempt at the practical application of Marxism-Leninism to Chinese conditions. Secondly, while Chairman Mao is a legendary giant revered by the Chinese people and much of progressive humanity, one cannot properly evaluate his role as leader of China in the same spirit as one evaluates that of Stalin in the USSR. From approximately 1957 onward, Mao increasingly became arrogant and delusional until he erred towards what Lenin properly termed “Left-wing Communism: An Infantile Disorder” in his hallmark work. He took differences with Khrushchev’s opportunism to mean that the Soviet Union was more than incorrect and with revisionist tendencies, to the absurd level of pretending that the Soviet Union had become imperialistic and the primary contradiction in the world. Later, he repeatedly refused to reconcile with Brezhnev, and the socialist camp was devastated by unnecessary fratricidal strife between two socialist brother peoples. In this process Mao purposefully endorsed neo-colonialist movements and lauded the US-backed Pinochet clique in Chile, because he felt it was necessary to subvert national liberation movements which had Soviet or Eastern European backing. This was based on the insane and paranoid idea that taking assistance from friendly socialist countries, whatever their flaws, meant being lackeys of the non-existent phenomenon referred to as “socio-imperialism.” He made deals with the Nixon administration which prevented the Soviet Union from sending supplies to the Vietnamese, regardless of the real flaws in their leadership, while they were heroically fighting US imperialism.

Domestically, Mao Zedong was correct to oppose Khrushchev’s insane anti-Stalin revisionist policies, but the idea that he was some principled leader of the struggle against revisionism is a boldface lie. In truth, it was only a few years after the infamous 20th Congress speech that Mao took on an anti-revisionist line, one more based on the opportunism of anti-Russian ethnic chauvinism occurring in China at the time and still rampant today, than any sort of polemical principles. The first attack on modern revisionism occurred far before either the idiotic “socio-imperialism” slanders by both Enver Hoxha and Mao Zedong with the publication of “On Eliminating Dogmatism and Formalism and Establishing Juche in Ideological Work,” by the great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung in 1955. Furthermore, what is particularly insightful is that the great leader thoroughly liquidated revisionism from the Korean revolution while maintaining unity with both China and the Soviet bloc. Unlike various dogmatists who took their attacks against Yugoslavia too far, he even went so far as to open up ties to Yugoslavia, recognize the regime as genuinely socialist and ensured the commemoration of Comrade Tito’s life and heroic struggle with a DPRK-issued stamp.

What is vital to understand is that the great leader was able to lead the Worker’s Party of Korea to unparalleled successes in socialist construction and anti-imperialist independence, because he systematically opposed both rightist errors and ultra-“leftist” ones, struggling against both dogmatism and revisionism. It was in this light that the great leader recognized US imperialism to be the greatest threat facing the world, and while ensuring Korea’s independence from Soviet and Chinese control, made efforts to be amiable to both, to oppose the self-defeating idea both had of the other one being the primary contradiction in the world and to solidify the socialist bloc and forces of national liberation and social emancipation based on the principles of unity and independence.

While many Western Maoists laud to the heavens the “Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution” and the “Great Leap Forward,” they will find virtually no support for such utter failures within China itself, including among those dedicated to communism. In Korea, revisionism was successfully combated through raising the ideological preparedness of the masses and by developing the mother party along the monolithic lines of Juche. Meanwhile in China, Mao’s policies led crypto-anarchist youth to pulverize party members, including genuine revolutionaries like Liu Shao Qi. In this process of centering ideological struggle on elements alien and even hostile to the Chinese working class, Maoist era China planted the seeds for undermining the central role of the party in socialist construction. One can see how this was used a decade or so after Mao’s death during the US imperialist-backed Tiananmen incident.

One cannot rationally compare Comrade Deng Xiaoping to Khrushchev. Stalin had done a remarkable job, despite whatever errors occurred, developing the Soviet Union, likely the greatest job any leader had ever done in history up until that stage. By contrast, the Chinese people revere Chairman Mao today because of his leadership in forming the Chinese Revolution and defeat of the Japanese, in spite of the inconsistencies, serious excesses, total chaos and incompetence which plagued his years as ruler. In this light, one wonders what would have been had the Communist Party of China remained under the leadership of Lui Shao Qi, who was to the right of Mao‘s authoritarian “ultra-leftism” and to the left of but amiable towards Deng‘s ultra-rightism. He also was gifted in capacities for socialist planning, cadre-building, diplomacy and statesmanship, and many of his works such as “How to be a Good Communist” are relevant for us today in developing young cadre. Imagine how much better China would be had Lin Biao and the criminal clique of the gang of four been given their rightful execution years earlier. Much of China’s moves far to the right, for all of the excesses, were necessary due to fanatical ultra-“leftism”. Without such infantile fanaticism in its early years, the ideological and material basis for the pragmatic outlook which exists today would never have existed!

It’s fair to say that Comrade Deng Xiaoping moved too far to the right. Certainly, I will not excuse opening relations with the ROK and the Zionist entity, lines Mao to his credit always fought. One can argue that the Dengist direction, while correct to place greater emphasis on the productive forces and consolidating national unity, negated ideological struggle on many levels. Deng wrongfully followed a path of approaching imperialism pragmatically rather than defiantly opposing it, but even this should be directly traced to actions Mao himself had followed.

Deng deserves credit for being the builder of modern China which has become a prosperous and harmonious country and world power. His efforts during Tiananmen, when one considers such an era found similar “demonstrations” leading to the collapse of socialism in certain countries, were heroic and principled. Deng, who Western Maoists claim is responsible for destroying socialism in China, very well might have saved it twice, once when ultra-“leftism” had so destroyed Chinese culture and the economy and badly demoralized the popular classes that he needed to move to the right however unpopular outside of China and later when Eastern European-style coup attempts occurred and decisive action was needed. Deng’s disciples have done much to repair damaged relations with Russia (formerly the Soviet Union), which is of the utmost geopolitical importance today. Furthermore, from my personal experiences, I consider it wrong to claim that China is now a capitalist country. Many aspects of socialism still remain in China, and the masses in China are still deeply dedicated to socialist construction and live pleasant lives far superior to those of American working people.

Chinese geopolitics usually were far worse than the Soviet Union’s, despite ultra-“leftist” slogan-mongering about People’s War and with the notable exception of policy on Democratic Kampuchea and the Philippines and non-recognition of the Zionist entity and apartheid South Africa where China was mostly correct. The gaping flaws in this general line are a product of Mao as much as Deng. However, under Mao, Huo Guafang, and later Deng, China also did a lot of good. Today, China has idiotic positions on things like the war against Afghanistan and shamefully supported sanctions against Iraq, but they also take relatively principled lines on Myanmar, Zimbabwe and Serbia. If nothing else, China has the potential to be a counterweight to US imperialism as part of the global formation of a multi-polar world.

The DPRK, while not having yet the full level of productive forces which China has, is light years ahead of the former Soviet Union, China, or anyone to have undergone socialist construction. This is all a product of the originality of the Juche idea and the willingness of the DPRK to evaluate rationally and independently the experiences of socialist construction and anti-imperialist revolutionary struggle of other countries and peoples while. The DPRK couples this standpoint with maintaining a firm line of principled solidarity with the forces of socialism and national liberation against the primary contradiction, US imperialism, while rejecting flunkeyism and dogmatism.

The great leader Comrade Kim Il Sung and later leader Kim Jong Il put forward much creative ideological material which is becoming increasingly popular for study today. Both the Juche idea and Songun politics, an ideology of placing priority in military affairs in all circumstances and relying on the People’s Army as the pillar of socialist construction, like Marxism-Leninism have real valid insights creatively applicable today. The Juche idea brought forth an independent series of revolutionary working class principles which defined the independence of humanity and the role of ideological consciousness and socio-political integrity on a fuller scale than Marxism-Leninism had, while still upholding Marxism-Leninism as a revolutionary ideology and admiring the forerunners of the revolution. Juche idea brought about a much deeper understanding of the national question than Marxism had, and realized that nations will not whither away under communism as Karl Marx had predicted based on the limitations of his era. It built upon the good work of Stalin and Zhdanov in combating cosmopolitanism and promoting socialist patriotism to even higher levels, and defended the family as the cell of the collective human body. Furthermore, the DPRK is to be lauded and admired for standing firm on the question of the role of the gun and necessity of non-negotiation on questions of principles related to national independence and anti-imperialist struggle.

In this light, it is important that advanced elements from among all nations of the world understand the Korean revolution and closely evaluate many of its core tenets for creative application to their own conditions as rationally deemed applicable.

John Paul Cupp @ December 2, 2009

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 15 Apr 2012 22:57

http://arts.monash.edu.au/korean/ksaa/c ... ckkang.pdf
Nowadays in the North Korea `Juche-Sasang'(Juche Idea) passes for the best idea and at the same time the moral standard determining the guiding principles for the people in every field of a society and it also plays a role of religion distinguishing
right and wrong.
Kim Il-Sung is revered as a founder of Juche Idea, and therefore the Kim Il Sung Jeojakjip composed of his speeches and writings is now used as a text-book for studying Juche Idea. However it is remarkable that until the Kim Il Sung Jeojakjip was born it has been written, rewritten, revised, and enlarged innumerable times in an effort of making it a sacred book. Therefore in this sense in the study of the North Korea, it must be borne in mind that we have to do something to confirm its academic credibility and to understand its characteristic structure of political discourse in it.

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 15 Apr 2012 23:28

The International Institute of the Juche Idea http://juche.v.wol.ne.jp/en.htm
http://juche.v.wol.ne.jp/index_works_e.htm

http://brigadasrojas.es.tl/ - Communist Red Brigades Organization
By offering a conception of the world, a concept of social history centered in man, the Juche Idea has generated a great turning point in the development of the vision of the world. If Marxism I think for the first time the revolutionary conception of the world of the working class, the Juche Idea perfected it, developing it into a higher stage (Kim Jong Il) ************** @ partidojuche yahoo.com

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 12 Jūl 2013 11:07

Ziemeļkorejas tautsaimniecība augusi otro gadu pēc kārtas
Austrumāzijas pašizolētās valsts tautsaimniecības apjoms 2012.gadā kopumā pieauga par 1,3%, izaugsme bijusi vērojama gandrīz visos ekonomikas sektoros. Vislielākais pieaugums bijis lopkopībā: cūkkopībā – par 5,3%, bet liellopu audzēšanā – pat par 12%.
Ziemeļkoreja savu statistiku nepublisko, tādēļ vienīgais informācijas avots par tās ekonomikas rādītājiem ir Dienvidkorejas centrālā banka, vēsta Reuters.
Lai arī ekonomiskā situācija Korejas pussalas ziemeļdaļā uzlabojas, Ziemeļkorejas tautsaimniecības apjoms joprojām ir 13 reizes mazāks par Dienvidkorejas sasniegto.
2013.gada 12.jūlijs BNN
North Korea posts 2nd successive year of growth-Bank of Korea
SEOUL, July 12 | Thu Jul 11, 2013 10:59pm EDT
(Reuters) - North Korea's economy expanded for a second successive year in 2012, South Korea's central bank said on Friday, bolstering the claims of new leader Kim Jong-un to be pursuing economic growth alongside strengthening the country's nuclear deterrence.
The economy of the reclusive and impoverished nation grew 1.3 percent in 2012 as nearly all sectors saw improvement compared to a 0.8 percent annual growth the year before, said the Bank of Korea, one of the few sources of estimates about the economic performance of the North, which does not publish data.
Agriculture, farming and fisheries rose 3.9 percent last year in North Korea on the back of expanded use of fertiliser and an increase in pig and chicken farms, according to the Bank of Korea data, compared to a 5.3 percent growth in 2011.
Livestock farming rose 12.3 percent on an annual basis.
North Korean industrial output and manufacturing both expanded for the first time since 2008 after shrinking for three straight years, rising 1.3 percent and 1.6 percent respectively in 2012 compared to a year ago.
Despite the rise in output, North Korea remains one of the poorest countries on earth and its economy is around a thirtieth the size of industrial powerhouse South Korea.
The country has been heavily sanctioned for its February nuclear test and has vowed to continue with the development of nuclear weapons, saying it fears an attack by the United States.
It is currently in talks to re-open a money spinning industrial park that it operates with South Korean companies that was closed during a spike in tensions earlier this year.
The Bank of Korea data showed that North Korea's total trade was worth $6.81 billion in 2012, with exports up an annual 3.3 percent, mostly on the back of chemical products and animal products. Imports were up 10.2 percent.
Trade with South Korea, which the Bank of Korea exempts from North Korea's trade statistics, was worth $1.97 billion dollars last year, up 15 percent from a year ago. Almost all of that trade comes from the closed Kaesong industrial park.
The central bank gathers the data from various government agencies in South Korea and uses the United Nations' system of national accounts to calculate the data, which is also used for South Korea's GDP statistics.

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 07 Okt 2013 13:15

North Korea's luxury ski resort opens for business

Kim Jong-un is hoping the multimillion dollar Masik Pass will boost tourism and show North Korea is as civilised as the west
Eric Talmadge, Associated Press, in Masik Pass
theguardian.com, Monday 7 October 2013 11.19 BST

The secretary-general of North Korea's ski association views the sprawling alpine landscape before him with unabashed pride. Facing a strong, cold wind, he points to a dip in the rugged, tree-covered mountains and says the sunrise is a sight of unmatched beauty, worthy of the nation's supreme leader, Kim Jong-un.

This is the Masik Pass ski resort, North Korea's latest megaproject and the product of 10 months of furious labour intended to show that the country, so often derided for its poverty and isolation, is as civilised and culturally advanced as any other.

The complex of ski runs, resort chalets and sleigh rides will open formally on Thursday, though late last month the main hotels appeared to be little more than shells, potholes filled the access roads and foundations were still being dug for secondary buildings.

Who will ski here? Perhaps Kim Jong-un, who reportedly enjoyed the sport as a teenager studying in Switzerland. By the estimate of the ski official, Kim Tae Yong, there are only about 5,500 North Korean skiers in this country of 24 million – a skiing population of 0.02%.

Even so, as he sweeps his hand over the scene, the official displays no doubt that what his country really needs right now is a multimillion-dollar ski resort in the secluded depths of North Korea's east coast. Kim bristles at the suggestion Masik will be a playground for the nation's elite and a trickle of eccentric tourists. This, he says, is his country at work. It is proof of the great love of the great leader.

The narrow road to Masik Pass winds through rugged mountain terrain, small farming hamlets and lush foliage – beauty untouched by modern development. As the road turns to dirt, brightly coloured propaganda posters and ubiquitous slogans in blood-red letters come into view, followed by rows of barracks for workers – drab, hastily built shacks of stone carved out of the slopes along a clear flowing river.

Beyond that, hundreds, if not thousands, of soldier-builders in olive uniforms – "shock brigades" assigned to especially urgent and difficult tasks – scour the slopes. Other workers pound at the stone with hammers. Young women march with shovels over their shoulders. Minivans equipped with loudspeakers blast patriotic music into the crisp mountain air.

Masik's ski runs – at the moment long stretches of bright-brown dirt dotted with rocks, weeds and patches of stubborn grass – cut their way through the trees to converge at the hotel construction site below. Though two simple lifts have been installed, neither was working during a recent visit by journalists; visitors drove to reach the top of the slope at Taehwa Peak.

As the showcase capital of Pyongyang, with its amusement parks, bronze statuary and countless marble-laden pavilions so amply demonstrates, North Korea has a tradition of diving into lavish, monumental projects, no matter their relevance to larger economic conundrums such as producing reliable electricity or adequate food.

With South Korea set to host the 2018 Winter Olympics, there is little doubt Pyongyang felt it had to do something lest it be outdone yet again by its prosperous southern brethren.

Ski chief Kim said Masik was floated as a potential venue for the 2018 Games, but Seoul turned that offer down. Kim – who began skiing as a child and competed in international cross-country competitions – vowed that with Masik as a training centre, North Korea will have a world champion of its own in just a few years' time. So far, it has won only two medals at the Winter Games – both in speed skating.

But North Korea has not forgotten that Kim has vowed that improving the economy is as important as nuclear weapons development.

Kim and his coterie of advisers have vowed repeatedly to lift North Korea's standard of living, which is among the world's lowest .

North Korea has focused on boosting tourism, providing the impoverished country with the accoutrements of a "civilised" nation and, most visibly, encouraging a broader interest in sports. The development of Masik Pass dovetails nicely with all three policy goals.

Sports are billed as a means of energising and mobilising the masses, or as North Korea's slogan-spinners say, "the hot wind of sports blowing through Korea".

All this is reflected in North Korea's otherwise head-scratch-inducing association with former NBA star Dennis Rodman, who had Kim's ear and received the red carpet treatment both times he visited this year.

In Pyongyang, a plethora of recreational sports parks, basketball courts and inline skating rinks have popped up over the past several months. While few North Koreans could afford a trip to Masik Pass, the leadership could offer visits as a reward for loyalty or exceptional work. Planners foresee hordes of tourists driving to the resort after arriving by plane at a converted military airbase in the nearest city, Wonsan. The resort also has its own heliport.

"All of Wonsan will be turned into a tourist area," Ri Ki Song, an economist for the Institute of Economy at North Korea's Academy of Social Science, said in a recent interview in Pyongyang. "It will have a big impact on the economy. We are now trying to build a lot of tourism sites, and skiing is the kind of sport that developed countries enjoy. It will also be a place for our own people to use."

Many economists outside the country argue that if it is serious about improving its economy, North Korea should implement market reforms, build its energy and agricultural sectors and improve international relations by focusing less on nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles.

"Certainly, the calculus is different in North Korea than in most places – they've demonstrated pretty consistently that economic efficiency is not the priority," said Andray Abrahamian, the executive director of Choson Exchange, a Singapore-based non-profit organisation that aims to build North Korean business savvy and economic growth. But Abrahamian said Masik is not merely a gilded albatross.

"These kinds of projects are no more a boondoggle than say, hosting the Olympics or the World Cup," he said. "The financial costs are very high, but the broader social gains – which don't show up on a balance sheet – are deemed to be higher. Nationalism, civic pride, health, urban regeneration, tourism dollars, construction projects for cronies – all these things come into consideration."

Though the ski season begins in December, officials plan to open the resort on 10 October on the 68th anniversary of the Korean Workers party. Kim Jong-un has visited the site twice, most recently last month. "Masik Pass Speed" has joined the long list of North Korean propaganda accolades for those who selflessly carry out the orders of their rulers.

With the clock ticking, the pace is frenetic. North Korean media recently claimed workers are "carrying out their daily quotas at more than 200%." As recently as last week, worker brigades were scrambling to finish not only the two main hotels – a 250-room, eight-story building for foreigners and a 150-room hotel for Koreans – but also an underground parking lot, employee housing and access bridges and a pumping station.

The resort won't be finished by Thursday; Kim Tae Yong, the ski association chief, said much of it will be built in phase two. His only concern is the ski lifts.

Last month, the Swiss government blocked plans for a company to sell North Korea $7.7 million-worth (£4.8m) of lifts and cable car equipment because of new sanctions barring the sale of luxury goods to the North. Austrian and French ski-lift manufacturers also have reportedly said no.

North Korea's state-run media has called the Swiss decision a "serious human rights abuse that politicises sports and discriminates against the Koreans". Kim called it "a pity". but said Masik Pass will have three functioning lifts this year.

"We can make nuclear weapons and rockets," he said. "We can build a ski lift."

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 03 Feb 2014 13:44

Kim Jong-un’s ex-girlfriend “executed by firing squad”
29/08/13 12:23 CET
South Korean newspaper Chosun Ilbo has reported that North Korean leader Kim Jong-un’s ex-girlfriend was among a group of North-Koreans executed by firing squad on August 20.
Citing sources from China, the paper said singer Hyon Song-wol and several other performers were executed in public for violating pornography laws.
The group is said to have included members of the Unhasu Orchestra as well as other singers, musicians and dancers with the Wangjaesan Light Music Band.
They were found guilty of filming themselves having sex and then selling the videos.
An unconfirmed Chinese source said: “They were executed with machine guns while the key members of the Unhasu Orchestra, Wangjaesan Light Band and Moranbong Band as well as the families of the victims looked on.”
The source also reported that the families of the executed people seemed to have been sent away to prison camps, following the country’s “guilty by association” law.
Kim Jong-un is reported to have met Hyon ten years ago but Kim Jong-un’s father forbade the relationship and both went on to marry other people. However, according to Chosun Ilbo there have been rumours that the two were having an affair.
The newspaper said that Kim Jong-un’s wife had also sang with the Unhasu Orchestra before her marriage to the leader, adding: “Whether she had any hand in the executions is unclear.”
Speaking to UK newspaper the Telegraph Toshimitsu Shigemura, a professor and expert on North Korean affairs said: “If these people had only made pornographic videos, then it is simply not believable that their punishment was execution…They could have been made to disappear into the prison system there instead…There is a political reason behind this.”
Hyon was known for singing with the Pochonbo Electronic Ensemble which performs propaganda and revolutionary songs. Her popularity reportedly peaked in 2005 with her song “Excellent Horse-Like Lady”.
Reportedly the Unhasu Orchestra and the Wangjaesan Light Band have both been disbanded due to the pornography scandal.
Copyright © 2014 euronews

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Pievienojies: 22 Feb 2011 23:02

Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 10 Apr 2014 19:55

Kims Čenuns atkārtoti pārvēlēts Ziemeļkorejas līdera amatā
Autors: LETA/AFP. 2014. gada 9. aprīlis 12:21

Kims Čenuns trešdien atkārtoti "pārvēlēts" Ziemeļkorejas līdera amatā, vēsta komunistiskās valsts mediji.
Kimu jaunais Ziemeļkorejas parlamenta sasaukums atkārtoti apstiprinājis ietekmīgās Nacionālās aizsardzības komisijas pirmā priekšsēdētāja postenī.
Pēc Kima pārvēlēšanas "visi deputāti un sēdes dalībnieki izplūda gaviļu vētrā, paužot viņam augstāko slavu un sirsnīgākos apsveikumus", vēsta Ziemeļkorejas ziņu aģentūra.
Balsošanas iznākums "bija apliecinājums absolūtajam atbalstam un uzticībai" līderim, norāda aģentūra.
Kims ir arī Strādnieku partijas pirmais sekretārs un Ziemeļkorejas armijas virspavēlnieks.
Jaunajam Ziemeļkorejas parlamentam ir jāapstiprina arī kadru pārbīdes, kuras Kims Čenuns īstenojis pēc tēvoča sodīšanas ar nāvi.
Kims Čenuns jau ir īstenojis radikālas pārmaiņas Ziemeļkorejas varas elitē. Dramatiskākā no tām bija nāvessoda izpildīšana ietekmīgajam diktatora tēvocim un politiskajam mentoram Čanam Sonthēkam, kurš bija apsūdzēts nodevībā un korupcijā.
Kopš nāvessoda izpildīšanas Čanam Ziemeļkoreja no ārzemēm ir atsaukusi vairākus diplomātus un amatpersonas, kas dzimtenē represētas, zina teikt Dienvidkorejas politiķi.
Čans tāpat kā vairums augstāko Phenjanas amatpersonu bija parlamenta deputāts.

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Re: Čučhē, Juche, Chuch'e jeb Ziemeļkoreja

Nelasītas ziņa tas_pats_lv » 19 Jūn 2015 18:55

DPRK News Service @DPRK_News
After meditation at Mt Paektu, Kim Jong Un gives Kumdang-2 drugs ability to cure AIDS, MERS, insubordination, and general unhappiness!

Kumdang-2 Injection
http://www.kcna.kp/kcna.user.article.re ... kcmsf#this

Pyongyang, June 18 (KCNA) -- Kumdang-2 Injection developed by the Korea Pugang Pharmaceutic Co., Ltd is believed to be efficacious for different epidemics.
In this regard KCNA met Dr. Jon Sung Hun, director of the company.
Jon said:
The researchers insert rare earth elements (REE) into insam (ginseng) by applying the micro-elementary fertilizers of REE to the fields of insam. Inside the herbal body of insam the REE had got combined with the saccharides into desired complex compounds.
The injection is made of extracts from those complex compounds.
As a strong immuno-activator, the injection has been recognized to prevent different malignant epidemics.

North Korea claims 'cure' for Mers, Aids and Ebola

State media say scientists have developed a vaccine for ‘malicious infections’, including the respiratory disease currently sweeping through Asia
North Korea says it has succeeded where the greatest minds in science have failed.


The authoritarian, impoverished nation announced it has a drug that can prevent and cure Mers, Ebola, Sars and Aids.
The official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) said scientists developed Kumdang-2 from ginseng grown from fertiliser mixed with rare-earth elements and “micro-quantities of gold and platinum”, according to its website kumdang2.com.
A screengrab of the website of the North Korean wonder-drug Kumdang-2, taken on 19 June 2015.
“Malicious virus infections like Sars, Ebola and Mers are diseases that are related to immune systems, so they can be easily treated by Kumdang-2 injection drug, which is a strong immune reviver,” KCNA said.
The secretive state did not provide proof, and the claim is likely to provoke widespread skepticism.
North Korea shut out foreign tourists for six months with some of the world’s strictest Ebola controls, even though no cases of the disease were reported anywhere near the country, before lifting the restrictions earlier this year.
It is believed to be struggling to combat diseases such as tuberculosis, and respiratory infections are among its most common causes of death, according to the World Health Organisation.
North Korea trumpeted the same drug during deadly bird flu outbreaks in 2006 and 2013. According to the pro-North Korea website Minjok Tongshin, the drug was originally produced in 1996.
The North’s claim comes as rival South Korea fights an outbreak of Mers that has killed two dozen people and sickened more than 160 since last month. There is no vaccine for the disease.
A website for the wonder-drug can be found at kumdang2.com in Russian and English, and Europeans wanting to take a course can buy it from the Moscow-based distributor Korea Bud – the basic course of injections starts at 1,500 roubles (£17.50).

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/j ... are_btn_tw

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