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Publicēts: 27 Jan 2012 22:29
http://www.telegraf.lv/news/trety-flota ... egam-irana
Треть флота США стянута к берегам Ирана
30 боевых кораблей США из 100, находящихся в дальних походах, сосредоточены в районе Ближнего Востока, сообщили в Пентагоне.
С приходом авианосца Enterprise с кораблями боевого охранения в Персидский залив группировка ВМС США на Ближнем Востоке возрастет до 35 кораблей. Как уже сообщалось, авианосная ударная группа во главе с Enterprise отправится из базы в Норфолке, штат Вирджиния, в марте и прибудет в район Персидского залива в апреле, присоединившись к находящимся там уже двум другим авианосцам, передает «Голос России».
Ļoti interesants avots. Vēl interesantāka atsauce: «Голос России».ruvr.ru
Publicēts: 28 Jan 2012 21:16
US aircraft carriers to deliver 'direct message to Iran'
Published: 22 January, 2012, 15:27
Aircraft carrier USS Enterprise (AFP Photo / US Navy / Rafael Martie / Handout)
In an apparent show of strength, Washington is deploying a second carrier strike group in the Gulf. US officials also confirmed their commitment to maintaining a global fleet of 11 aircraft carriers despite budget pressure to cut the fleet's size.
“That’s the reason we maintain a presence in the Middle East,” AP cited US Defense Secretary Leon Panetta, as saying in a speech to about 1,700 sailors aboard the USS Enterprise. “We want them to know that we are fully prepared to deal with any contingency and it’s better for them to try to deal with us through diplomacy.”
Panetta added that the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise is on course for the Persian Gulf – and will steam through the Strait of Hormuz in a direct message to Iran, AP reports.
"We'll continue to make those messages clear. The most important way to make those messages clear is to show that we are prepared, that we are strong, that we'll have a presence in that part of the world," Panetta added.
The USS Enterprise, along with the other six ships in the carrier strike group, will deploy to the Middle East in March. It means the US will maintain two carrier strike groups in the Persian Gulf region. The warships are expected to support the country’s battle operations in Afghanistan, its anti-piracy efforts and other missions.
Meanwhile, Iran claims it is not concerned with the move, saying it is a part of routine activity.
"US warships and military forces have been in the Persian Gulf and the Middle East region for many years and their decision in relation to the dispatch of a new warship is not a new issue and it should be interpreted as part of their permanent presence," Revolutionary Guard Deputy Commander Hossein Salami was quoted by the IRNA news agency on Saturday.
Tensions escalated in the Gulf after Iran warned the US that it might block the Strait, which is a major transit route for global oil supplies, if the West places an embargo on its oil exports.
Tehran also urged Washington not to send carriers into the Gulf. In return, Washington said it would continue to deploy its ships in the region.
The USS Enterprise, along with the other six ships in the carrier strike group, will deploy to the Middle East in March. Therefore, the US will maintain two carrier strike groups in the Persian Gulf region. The warships are expected to support the country’s battle operations in Afghanistan, its anti-piracy efforts and other missions.
Next week the EU is set to agree an embargo on Iranian oil. The West expects the sanctions to force Iran to suspend the nuclear weapon activities it is allegedly practicing.
Publicēts: 03 Feb 2012 16:00
Irāna dubultos militāro budžetu
2012. gada 2.februāris
Irānas prezidents Mahmuds Ahmadinedžads (Mahmoud Ahmadinejad) parlamentam pārskatīšanai iesniedzis valsts budžetu nākamajam gadam, kurš pēc Irānas kalendāra sāksies 2012. gada 20. martā. Tajā paredzēts palielināt izdevumus militārām vajadzībām vairāk nekā divas reizes jeb par 127%.
Nākamajā gadā Irāna arī palielinās izdevumus kodolprogrammas finansēšanai, vēsta Lenta.ru.
Salīdzinot ar pagājušā gada budžetu, tiks palielināti izdevumi zinātniskajai pētniecībai, veselības aprūpei, kultūrai un izglītībai. Kopumā plānotie budžeta izdevumi sasniedz 416 miljardus dolāru.
Irānas parlamentam budžets jāizskata un savi grozījumi tajā jāievieš 40 dienu laikā.
Publicēts: 03 Feb 2012 16:12
Pentagons: Izraēla var bombardēt Irānu jau pavasarī
2012. gada 3.februāris
http://bnn.lv/pentagons-izraela-var-bom ... sari-53770
Amerikas Savienoto valstu aizsardzības ministrs Leons Panetta (Leon Panetta) neizslēdz, ka, ņemot vērā pieaugošo spriedzi ap Irānu, Izraēla jau šī gada pavasarī vai vasarā var bombardēt Teherānas kodolobjektus. Vēl pavisam nesen Pentagons atzinis, ka arī ASV var veikt uzbrukumu Irānai.
Viņaprāt, pastāv liela varbūtība, ka Izraēla raidīs triecienu Irānai jau šī gada aprīlī, maijā vai jūnijā, pirms Irāna pārkāps tā dēvēto imunitātes zonu un pievērsies kodolieroču radīšanai. Stratēģiski nozīmīgu objektu iznīcināšanai, pēc Izraēlas domām, ir būtiski jābremzē kodolprogrammas izveide, kuras radīšanā tiek turēta aizdomās Irāna, raksta The Washington Post.
Izraēla bažījas, ka Irānā slepenos pazemes bunkuros pietiekamā daudzumā glabājas bagātinātā urāna krājumi, lai īsā laikā spētu izgatavot kodolieročus. Lai arī Izraēla uzskata, ka tikai ASV ir pietiekami liela militārā jauda, lai pārtrauktu šo procesu, tā negrib savas valsts likteni padarīt atkarīgu no amerikāņu rīcības, kas var būt novēlota.
Līdz ar to Izraēla likusi manīt, ka tā tuvākajā laikā var pati patstāvīgi iejaukties Irānas bīstamo plānu realizēšanā, piebilstot, ka to nāksies darīt tādā gadījumā, ja Rietumu ekonomiskās sankcijas nesniegs vēlamo rezultātu.
Aizsardzības ministrs un ASV prezidents Baraks Obama (Barack Obama) brīdinājuši Izraēlu, ka Vašingtona turpina iestāties pret uzbrukumu Irānai, uzskatot, ka apturēt kodolprogrammas izstrādi var arī ar ekonomisko sankciju palīdzību, raksta izdevums.
Tāpat tiek uzsvērts, ka Baltais nams pagaidām nav izlēmis, kā reaģēt uz iespējamajiem Izraēlas uzbrukumiem Irānai. Šobrīd tiek apsvērtas šādas rīcības sekas attiecībā uz ASV.
Izraēla apzinās, ka Irāna var atriebt pret to vērsto uzbrukumu, taču šaubās, vai šādi pretuzbrukumi varētu izraisīt globālas sekas.
Publicēts: 17 Feb 2012 11:32
Russian steel bent by Iranian sanctions
Published: 17 February, 2012, 12:09
Russia is not imposing commercial sanctions against Iran over its nuclear programme, but its steelmakers could suffer as Tehran takes approximately 15% of Russia's exports.
Since the US and the EU decided to introduce restrictions on banking transactions with Iran, Russian steel companies will also fall victim, says Ekatarina Ourakova, steel editor at industry research group, Platts.
“Any bank trading within the US banking system from now on can’t use Iranian letters of credit, which is basically the most common way of paying for steel contracts in the world,” Ourakova explained.
“In a normal month Iran would take around 300,000 tonnes of semi finished and finished products from Russia. At the moment none of that is being sold to Iran, simply because there’s no payment,” she said.
Generally, the Russian steel sector is quite flexible, but “there could be some production cuts, if the situation doesn’t resolve itself one way or the other,” Ourakova concluded.
The US measures will include restrictions on doing business with Iranians banks, shipping companies and Iran’s Central Bank that conduct all the country’s oil sales. The EU in turn is going to cut particular Iranian entities from having access to the major banking networks, such as the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, or Swift. This will block most of the financial transactions with Iran.
Iran itself says the sanctions are primarily aimed at undermining Iran’s oil revenues so it’ll stop enriching uranium for its nuclear programme.
For more about how the financial boycott on Iran will affect Russian steelmakers watch Ekatarina Ourakova talking to Business RT.
Publicēts: 27 Mar 2012 11:48
Iranian ultimatum: Yield now or be attacked by year’s end
Published: 14 March, 2012, 11:06
Edited: 15 March, 2012, 15:40
The US wants Russia to deliver a message to Iran: Tehran has one last chance for talks. If it is wasted, an attack will happen in a matter of months, according to Russian diplomatic sources.
The threat was voiced by US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton during a meeting with her Russian counterpart Sergey Lavrov in New York on Monday, a diplomatic insider told Kommersant daily.
“The invasion will happen before year’s end. The Israelis are de facto blackmailing Obama. They’ve put him in this interesting position – either he supports the war or loses the support of the Jewish lobby,” the diplomat told the Russian newspaper.
The source said Washington has given Tehran one last chance to solve the conflict peacefully and wants Moscow to deliver the message. Iran has to make progress with the P5+1 group, which consists of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council and Germany.
The group is to negotiate Iran’s controversial nuclear program with Iranian officials sometime in April. The exact timing and place of the talks are still under consideration. The negotiators want clarity from Iran over the potential militarization of its nuclear program. They also demand access for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors to a suspected nuclear site in Parchin.
Such an inspection took place in 2005 and nothing suspicious was found. But now the nuclear watchdog believes Iran is using the military complex to test technology needed to trigger a nuclear device. IAEA monitors were barred form visiting part of the facility during their latest visit, prompting accusations that Iran may be trying to cover-up evidence of wrong-doing. Tehran dismissed the allegations and promised to let inspectors in.
When asked about the reported American ultimatum, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov criticized the “last chance” rhetoric.
“Speaking in this way is unprofessional. There is no such thing as a last chance. It’s an issue of political will, and Russia does everything to foster such will rather than let it wane,” he told the newspaper.
The diplomat added that the negative trend in the conflict is apparent, suggesting that “those tempted to use military force should restrain themselves and search for a diplomatic solution.”
“A war will not solve any problems, but will create a million new ones,” Ryabkov warned.
War contingency on the table
As military action becomes more likely, Russia is preparing a contingency plan for the negative scenario. Military and law enforcement agencies are bracing for a likely inflow of refugees to its neighboring countries, and possibly southern Russia as well. The exact details of the plan are classified, but its existence was confirmed by both military and civilian sources.
Moscow is not just concerned by the humanitarian disaster war with Iran would bring to its southern borders.
There are also fears it could reignite old conflicts in the region, like the row between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno Karabakh.
“We may have to block some breaches. That may cost us our soldiers’ lives,” a military insider told Kommersant.
In Israel, meanwhile, there is growing discontent with the government’s saber-rattling rhetoric, RT’s Paula Slier reports. Israelis fears the consequences of retaliation should Tel-Aviv chose to deliver a pre-emptive stake on Iran’s nuclear sites.
“There’s no logic in attacking Iran. But we have a government that’s done some illogical things. And that’s really frightening,” Sharon Dolev, an activist from the Israeli Disarmament Movement, told RT.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said during his resent visit to the US that Israel will unilaterally decide on when to start military action against Iran. For his part, US President Barack Obama was trying to talk Netanyahu out of recklessly using force, saying a diplomatic solution is possible.
Israel believes that Iran is trying to build a nuclear weapon under the guise of its civilian nuclear program. Tehran denies the allegation, insisting that all its nuclear activities are purely peaceful. All evidence of Iran’s nuclear ambitions is thus far circumstantial.
Publicēts: 09 Apr 2012 13:10
Apr 9, 6:47 AM EDT
US Navy deploys 2nd aircraft carrier to Gulf
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (AP) -- The U.S. Navy says it has deployed a second aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf amid rising tensions with Iran over its nuclear program.
Cmdr. Amy Derrick-Frost of the Bahrain-based 5th Fleet said on Monday that the deployment of the nuclear-powered USS Enterprise along the Abraham Lincoln carrier strike group marks only the fourth time in the past decade that the Navy has had two aircraft carriers operating at the same time in the region.
The two carriers will support the American military operations in Afghanistan and anti-piracy efforts off Somalia's coast and in the Gulf of Aden.
The warships also patrol the Gulf's strategic oil routes that Iran has threatened to shut down in retaliation for economic sanctions.
(This version CORRECTS to warships in last sentence, instead of battleships.)
Publicēts: 03 Mai 2012 02:19
US Central Command (CENTCOM) believes it can destroy or significantly degrade Iran's conventional armed forces in about three weeks using air and sea strikes, a defense source told The Washington Post.
“We plan for any eventuality we can and provide options to the president,” Army Lt. Col. T.G. Taylor, a spokesman at CENTCOM told the newspaper. “We take our guidance from the secretary of defense and from our civilian bosses in [Washington] DC. So any kind of guidance they give us, that’s what we go off of [sic].”
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/201 ... rea/print/
The U.S. military is discussing significant changes in its war plans to adhere to President Obama's new strategic guidance that downplays preparing for conflicts such as Iraq and Afghanistan, and counts on allies to provide additional troops.
War planning for Iran is now the most pressing scenario, or what the Pentagon calls a contingency.
U.S. Central Command believes it can destroy or significantly degrade Iran's conventional armed forces in about three weeks using air and sea strikes, according to a defense source familiar with the discussions.
Such strikes are an option in a response to Tehran's striking U.S. and international ships in the Persian Gulf and attempting to close the strategic Strait of Hormuz, through which about one-fifth of the world's oil is transported.
The Pentagon now is conducting a step-by-step surge of forces in the Gulf. It is maintaining two aircraft carriers in the region and is increasing the number of mine-detection ships and helicopters.
Aviation Week reported the Air Force recently dispatched its premier penetrating strike fighter, the F-22 Raptor, to a base in the United Arab Emirates, across the Gulf from Iran
A smaller, more agile force
Army Lt. Col. T.G. Taylor, a spokesman at U.S Central Command, which oversees military operations in the Gulf, said the command does not discuss war planning.
"We plan for any eventuality we can and provide options to the president," Col. Taylor said. "We take our guidance from the secretary of defense and from our civilian bosses in D.C. So any kind of guidance they give us, that's what we go off of."
The defense source said the U.S. would respond to an invasion of South Korea by the North primarily with massive air and sea power. It would be up to the South Korean army to do most of the ground fighting, and it would have the lead in stability operations for a defeated North.
Overall, the U.S. military is reducing the planned number of U.S. ground troops that would be needed in a major conflict and is counting on allies to fill the gap.
It also is expanding the number of days it would have to begin fighting one war and blunt an aggressor in another region.
Mr. Obama presented his eight-page strategic guidance in January as his vision of a smaller, more agile armed forces that would focus on air and sea power in two regions — the Pacific and the Persian Gulf.
He presented the document a month before the Pentagon announced how it would grapple with $487 billion in budget cuts over the next 10 years. The hallmark savings: reduce ground forces by 90,000 soldiers and Marines.
The Obama guidance lists 10 "primary missions" for the armed forces. The guidance for counterinsurgency missions, such as Iraq and Afghanistan, is significant as much for what the military will not do as what it will do: "The United States will emphasize non-military means and military-to-military cooperation to address instability and reduce the demand for significant U.S. force commitments to stability operations," it states.
"U.S. forces will nevertheless be ready to conduct limited counterinsurgency and other stability operations if required, operating alongside coalition forces wherever possible."
Publicēts: 15 Sep 2013 19:51
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/s ... ary-action
Barack Obama on Sunday sought to shore up the potency of American deterrence in the Middle East, warning Iran that he was still prepared to take military action against the Iranian nuclear programme, which the president described as "much closer to our core interests" than Syria's chemical weapons
Publicēts: 24 Sep 2013 22:45
Obama meeting with Rohani 'too complicated' for Iran
The United States offered to set up "an encounter" between President Barack Obama and his new Iranian counterpart during a UN summit but it proved "too complicated" for the Iranians, a US official said Tuesday.
The United States offered to set up "an encounter" between President Barack Obama and his new Iranian counterpart during a UN summit but it proved "too complicated for the Iranians to do at this point”, a US official said Tuesday.
Confirming that Obama would not meet with Iranian President Hassan Rohani in New York, the official said the Iranians informed the US Tuesday that they could not arrange it.
"We have said publicly and we also said privately to the Iranians, that we're open to having discussions on the margins of UNGA -- informal discussions not a bilateral meeting. That proved to be too complicated for the Iranians to do at this point," a senior administration official said.
There had been encouraging signs that the US and Iranian presidents would have the highest level contact since before Iran’s 1979 revolution. Both presidents have talked about a diplomatic opening to try to settle Iran’s nuclear ambitions.
US officials have welcomed initial signs that the new Iranian government may be prepared to open up and make progress on reining in the country's suspect nuclear program.
But the Americans have also cautioned that Iran must prove it is serious about taking such steps.